Measurement of the inclusive and differential WZ production cross sections, polarization angles, and triple gauge couplings in pp collisions at root s=13 TeV

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Tumasyan, A.
Adam, W.
Andrejkovic, J. W.
Bergauer, T.
Chatterjee, S.
Dragicevic, M.
Del Valle, A. Escalante
Fruhwirth, R.
Jeitler, M.
Krammer, N.

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The associated production of a W and a Z boson is studied in final states with multiple leptons produced in proton-proton (pp) collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV using 137 fb(-1) of data collected with the CMS detector at the LHC. A measurement of the total inclusive production cross section yields sigma(tot)(pp -> WZ) = 50.6 +/- 0.8 (stat) +/- 1.5 (syst) +/- 1.1 (lumi) +/- 0.5 (theo) pb. Measurements of the fiducial and differential cross sections for several key observables are also performed in all the final-state lepton flavour and charge compositions with a total of three charged leptons, which can be electrons or muons. All results are compared with theoretical predictions computed up to next-to-next-to-leading order in quantum chromodynamics plus next-to-leading order in electroweak theory and for various sets of parton distribution functions. The results include direct measurements of the charge asymmetry and the W and Z vector boson polarization. The first observation of longitudinally polarized W bosons in WZ production is reported. Anomalous gauge couplings are searched for, leading to new constraints on beyond-the-standard-model contributions to the WZ triple gauge coupling.



Hadron-Hadron Scattering, Particle Correlations and Fluctuations

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Journal Of High Energy Physics. New York: Springer, n. 7, 78 p., 2022.