The applicability of gene sequencing and MALDI-TOF to identify less common gram-negative rods (Advenella, Castellaniella, Kaistia, Pusillimonas and Sphingobacterium) from environmental isolates

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Sant' Anna, Debora
Sampaio, Jorge Luiz Mello
Sommaggio, Lais Roberta Deroldo [UNESP]
Mazzeo, Dania Elisa Christofoletti [UNESP]
Marin-Morales, Maria Aparecida [UNESP]
Marson, Fernando Augusto Lima
Levy, Carlos Emilio

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Our aim was to identify less common non-fermenting gram-negative rods during the bioremediation process. Five genera were found: Advenella, Castellaniella, Kaistia, Pusillimonas and Sphingobacterium, for a total of 15 isolates. Therefore, we evaluated the applicability of four methods currently available for bacteria identification: (1) conventional biochemical methods, (2) the VITEK (R)-2 system, (3) MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry and (4) 16S rRNA gene sequencing. The biochemical methods and the VITEK (R)-2 system were reliable only for the Sphingobacterium isolate and solely at the genus level. Both MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry platforms (Bruker and VITEK (R) MS) did not achieve reliable identification results for any of these genera. 16S rRNA gene sequencing identified eight isolates to the species level but not to the subspecies level, when applicable. The remaining seven isolates were reliably identified through 16S rRNA gene sequencing to the genus level only. Our findings suggest that the detection and identification of less common genera (and species) that appeared at certain moments during the bioremediation process can be a challenge to microbiologists considering the most used techniques. In addition, more studies are required to confirm our results.



16S rRNA, Advenella, Castellaniella, Kaistia, Pusillimonas, Sphingobacterium

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Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek International Journal Of General And Molecular Microbiology. Dordrecht: Springer, v. 113, n. 2, p. 233-252, 2020.