Ytterbium-induced energy-transfer upconversion enhancement in Nd3+/Pr3+-codoped PbGeO3-PbF2-CdF2 glass excited at 810nm

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Gouveia-Neto, A. S.
da Costa, E. B.
Bueno, L. A.
Ribeiro, SJL
Messaddeq, Younes [UNESP]

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Elsevier B.V.


The effect of ytterbium ions upon energy transfer (ET) excited upconversion emission in Nd3+/Pr3+ -codoped PbGeO3-PbF2-CdF2 glass under 810 nm diode laser excitation is investigated. The results revealed that the presence of Yb3+ ions in the Nd3+/Pr3+-doped sample yields a fourfold enhancement in the visible and near infrared upconversion luminescence. The dependence of the upconversion process upon the excitation power, Nd3+, and Yb3+ concentrations is examined. The results indicated that ytterbium plays a major role in the ET upconversion process by bridging the 810nm neodymium excitation to praseodymium ions. The population of the Pr3+ ions P-3(0) emitting level was accomplished through a multi-ion interaction involving ground-state and excited-state absorption of pump photons at 810 nm by the Nd3+ followed by successive ET involving the Nd3+-Yb3+ and Yb3+-Pr3+ pairs. There is also direct ET Nd3+-Pr3+. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.



energy transfer, upconversion, glass, rare earth, luminescence

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Journal of Luminescence. Amsterdam: Elsevier B.V., v. 116, n. 1-2, p. 52-58, 2006.