Disappearance of squeezed back-to-back correlations - a new signal of hadron freeze-out from a supercooled quark gluon plasma

Nenhuma Miniatura disponível

Data

2007-09-01

Autores

Csoergo, T.
Padula, Sandra S.

Título da Revista

ISSN da Revista

Título de Volume

Editor

Springer

Resumo

We briefly discuss four different possible types of transitions from quark to hadronic matter and their characteristic signatures in terms of correlations. We also highlight the effects arising from mass modification of hadrons in hot and dense hadronic matter, as well as their quantum statistical consequences: the appearance of squeezed quantum states and the associated experimental signatures, i.e., the back-to-back correlations of particle-antiparticle pairs. We briefly review the theoretical results of these squeezed quanta, generated by in-medium modified masses, starting from the first indication of the existence of surprising particle-antiparticle correlations, and ending by considering the effects of chiral dynamics on these correlation patterns. Nevertheless, a prerequisite for such a signature is the experimental verification of its observability. Therefore, the experimental observation of back-to-back correlations in high energy heavy ion reactions would be a unique signature, proving the existence of in-medium mass modification of hadronic states. On the other hand, their disappearance at some threshold centrality or collision energy would indicate that the hadron formation mechanism would have qualitatively changed: asymptotic hadrons above such a threshold are not formed from medium modified hadrons anymore, but rather by new degrees of freedom characterizing the medium. Furthermore, the disappearance of the squeezed BBC could also serve as a signature of a sudden, non-equilibrium hadronization scenario from a supercooled quark-gluon plasma phase.

Descrição

Palavras-chave

correlations, femtoscopy, quantum optics, squeezed coherent states, particle-antiparticle pairs

Como citar

Brazilian Journal Of Physics. New York: Springer, v. 37, n. 3A, p. 949-960, 2007.