Sustainable production of biologically active molecules of marine based origin

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2013-09-25

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The marine environment offers both economic and scientific potential which are relatively untapped from a biotechnological point of view. These environments whilst harsh are ironically fragile and dependent on a harmonious life form balance. Exploitation of natural resources by exhaustive wild harvesting has obvious negative environmental consequences. From a European industry perspective marine organisms are a largely underutilised resource. This is not due to lack of interest but due to a lack of choice the industry faces for cost competitive, sustainable and environmentally conscientious product alternatives. Knowledge of the biotechnological potential of marine organisms together with the development of sustainable systems for their cultivation, processing and utilisation are essential. In 2010, the European Commission recognised this need and funded a collaborative RTD/SME project under the Framework 7-Knowledge Based Bio-Economy (KBBE) Theme 2 Programme 'Sustainable culture of marine microorganisms, algae and/or invertebrates for high value added products'. The scope of that project entitled 'Sustainable Production of Biologically Active Molecules of Marine Based Origin' (BAMMBO) is outlined. Although the Union is a global leader in many technologies, it faces increasing competition from traditional rivals and emerging economies alike and must therefore improve its innovation performance. For this reason innovation is placed at the heart of a European Horizon 2020 Strategy wherein the challenge is to connect economic performance to eco performance. This article provides a synopsis of the research activities of the BAMMBO project as they fit within the wider scope of sustainable environmentally conscientious marine resource exploitation for high-value biomolecules. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

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Biologically active molecules , Biotechnological potentials , Economic performance , Environmental consequences , Innovation performance , Marine microorganism , Sustainable production , Value added products , Biotechnology , Knowledge based systems , Molecules , Natural resources , Sustainable development , Marine biology , agricultural chemical , allophycocyanin , antineoplastic agent , arachidonic acid , astaxanthin , beta carotene , carotenoid , docosahexaenoic acid , docosapentaenoic acid , elastase , gamma linolenic acid , hyaluronic acid , hyaluronidase , icosapentaenoic acid , linolenic acid , naphthoquinone , nutraceutical , phycobiliprotein , phycocyanin , phycoerythrin , polyunsaturated fatty acid , sesquiterpenoid , ubidecarenone , xanthophyll , zeaxanthin , Acutodesmus obliquus , aging , antifungal activity , antiviral activity , Arthrobacter , Bacillus , bacterial infection , Basidiomycetes , biological activity , bioreactor design , cost benefit analysis , cost effectiveness analysis , Crambe , Cryptococcus laurentii , Dunaliella salina , environmental sustainability , extracellular matrix , fermentation , food spoilage , high throughput screening , hydrolysis , invertebrate , life cycle , life cycle assessment , macroalga , marine biology , marine environment , marine species , membrane fluidity , microalga , microorganism , Nannochloropsis , nonhuman , Paracoccus , permeability , Phaeodactylum tricornutum , Porphyridium , priority journal , Pseudomonas , Rhodobacter , Shewanella , species cultivation , sustainable development , algae , Invertebrata

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Inglês

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New Biotechnology, v. 30, n. 6, p. 839-850, 2013.

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