Tm and Tm-Tb-doped germanate glasses for S-band amplifiers

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Librantz, A. F. H.
Gomes, L.
Pairier, G.
Ribeiro, Sidney José Lima [UNESP]
Messaddeq, Younes [UNESP]

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Elsevier B.V.


The mechanism involved in the Tm(3+)((3)F(4)) -> Tb(3+)((7)F(0,1,2)) energy transfer as a function of the Tb concentration was investigated in Tm:Tb-doped germanate (GLKZ) glass. The experimental transfer rate was determined from the best fit of the (3)F(4) luminescence decay due to the Tm -> Tb energy transfer using the Burshtein model. The result showed that the 1700 nm emission from (3)F(4) can be completely quenched by 0.8 mol% of Tb(3+). As a consequence, the (7)F(3) state of Tb(3+) interacts with the (3)H(4) upper excited state of TM(3+) slighting decreasing its population. The effective amplification coefficient beta(cm(-1)) that depends on the population density difference Delta n = n((3)H(4))-n((3)F(4)) involved in the optical transition of Tm(3+) (S-band) was calculated by solving the rate equations of the system for continuous pumping with laser at 792 nm, using the Runge-Kutta numerical method including terms of fourth order. The population density inversion An as a function of Tb(3+) concentration was calculated by computational simulation for three pumping intensities, 0.2, 2.2 and 4.4 kWcm(-2). These calculations were performed using the experimental Tm -> Tb transfer rates and the optical constants of the Tm (0.1 mol%) system. It was demonstrated that 0.2 mol% of Tb(3+) propitiates best population density inversion of Tin(3+) maximizing the amplification coefficient of Tm-doped (0.1 mol%) GLKZ glass when operating as laser intensity amplification at 1.47 mu m. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.



germanate glasses, Rare earth ions, Optical absorption and laser induced luminescence, Non-radiative energy transfer, Population inversion, CW laser pumping and rate equations, Tm based optical amplifier properties for 1470 nm

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Journal of Luminescence. Amsterdam: Elsevier B.V., v. 128, n. 1, p. 51-59, 2008.