Characterization of the phenolic and antioxidant profiles of selected culinary herbs and spices: caraway, turmeric, dill, marjoram and nutmeg
Rinaldi Alvarenga, José Fernando [UNESP]
Leal, Leonel Neto
Lamuela-Raventos, Rosa Maria
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Soc Brasileira Ciencia Tecnologia Alimentos
Culinary herbs and spices have long been considered essentially as flavor enhancers or preservatives, with little attention given to their potential health-promoting properties. Nevertheless, recent research has shown them to be significant dietary sources of bioactive phenolic compounds. Despite noteworthy efforts performed in recent years to improve our knowledge of their chemical composition, a detailed phenolic profile of these plant-based products is still lacking. In the present work, antioxidant activities and phenolic composition of five herbs and spices, namely caraway, turmeric, dill, marjoram and nutmeg, have been studied. The use of liquid chromatography coupled to LTQ-Orbitrap mass spectrometry enabled the identification of up to 42 phenolic compounds. To the best of our knowledge, two of them, apigenin-C-hexoside-C-pentoside and apigenin-C-hexoside-C-hexoside have not been previously reported in turmeric. Qualitative and quantitative differences were observed in polyphenol profiles, with the highest phenolic content found in caraway. Multivariate statistical treatment of the results allowed the detection of distinctive features among the studied herbs and spices.
Antioxidant capacity, Culinary herbs, HPLC-ESI-LTQ-Orbitrap, Polyphenols, Spices
Food Science And Technology. Campinas: Soc Brasileira Ciencia Tecnologia Alimentos, v. 35, n. 1, p. 189-195, 2015.