Stability of trapped Bose-Einstein condensates

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In three-dimensional trapped Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC), described by the time-dependent Gross-Pitaevskii-Ginzburg equation, we study the effect of initial conditions on stability using a Gaussian variational approach and exact numerical simulations. We also discuss the validity of the criterion for stability suggested by Vakhitov and Kolokolov. The maximum initial chirp (initial focusing defocusing of cloud) that can lead a stable condensate to collapse even before the number of atoms reaches its critical limit is obtained for several specific cases. When we consider two- and three-body nonlinear terms, with negative cubic and positive quintic terms, we have the conditions for the existence of two phases in the condensate. In this case, the magnitude of the oscillations between the two phases are studied considering sufficient large initial chirps. The occurrence of collapse in a BEC with repulsive two-body interaction is also shown to be possible.



Atoms, Computer simulation, Hamiltonians, Kinetic energy, Lagrange multipliers, Mathematical models, Potential energy, Probability distributions, Variational techniques, Wave equations, Bose-Einstein condensates (BEC), Quantum theory

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Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, v. 63, n. 4, p. 436041-4360414, 2001.