Synthesis, characterization and evaluation of scintillation properties of Eu<sup>3+</sup>-doped Gd<inf>2</inf>O<inf>3</inf> obtained using PEG as precursor


Abstract This work reports on the synthesis of Eu<sup>3+</sup>-doped Gd<inf>2</inf>O<inf>3</inf> using PEG as an organic molecular precursor with 1, 3, 5, 7 e 10 mol% of Eu<sup>3+</sup>. TGA and DTA analysis of the precursors obtained shows that the final materials are obtained at thermal treatment above 700 °C. Based on this information all materials were obtained after heat treatment at 900, 1000 and 1100 °C during 4 h in an oven under air atmosphere. XRD analysis showed that the materials obtained after heat-treatment presents a cubic crystalline structure assigned to the Gd<inf>2</inf>O<inf>3</inf>. Crystallite size and microstrain were evaluated using the Scherrer's equation and Williansom-Hall method, respectively, as a function of heat-treated temperature and Eu<sup>3+</sup> concentration. Raman spectroscopy also showed the formation of the Gd<inf>2</inf>O<inf>3</inf> phase, however, the absence of bands around 117 cm<sup>-1</sup> in the spectra with higher Eu<sup>3+</sup> concentration indicates that the insertion of this one in the host matrix promotes the breakdown of some chemical bonds of the matrix. Intense photoluminescence emission in the visible region with maximum localized around 611 nm under excitation at 255 nm with xenon lamp and with X-ray source were observed. The emissions observed were attributed to the intraconfigurational f-f transitions of Eu<sup>3+</sup>. The lifetime values of the <sup>5</sup>D<inf>0</inf> excited state were between 2.84 and 2.89 ms, indicating the location of Eu<sup>3+</sup> in crystalline systems. This result demonstrates the potential application of the materials in systems for absorption in the ultraviolet region, solar cells, devices generated images and scintillation systems.



Gadolinium oxide, Photoluminescence, Polyethyleneglycol, Rare earth, Scintillator

Como citar

Journal of Alloys and Compounds, v. 648, p. 467-473.