Co-Inoculation with Azospirillum brasilense and Bradyrhizobium sp. Enhances Nitrogen Uptake and Yield in Field-Grown Cowpea and Did Not Change N-Fertilizer Recovery

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Galindo, Fernando Shintate
Pagliari, Paulo Humberto
da Silva, Edson Cabral
Silva, Vinicius Martins [UNESP]
Fernandes, Guilherme Carlos [UNESP]
Rodrigues, Willian Lima [UNESP]
Céu, Elaine Garcia Oliveira [UNESP]
de Lima, Bruno Horschut [UNESP]
Jalal, Arshad [UNESP]
Muraoka, Takashi

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This study was designed to investigate the effects of Azospirillum brasilense and Bradyrhizobium sp. co-inoculation coupled with N application on soil N levels and N in plants (total N, nitrate N-NO3− and ammonium N-NH4+), photosynthetic pigments, cowpea plant biomass and grain yield. An isotopic technique was employed to evaluate 15N fertilizer recovery and derivation. Field trials involved two inoculations—(i) single Bradyrhizobium sp. and (ii) Bradyrhizobium sp. + A. brasilense co-inoculation—and four N fertilizer rates (0, 20, 40 and 80 kg ha−1). The co-inoculation of Bradyrhizobium sp. + A. brasilense increased cowpea N uptake (an increase from 10 to 14%) and grain yield (an average increase of 8%) compared to the standard inoculation with Bradyrhizobium sp. specifically derived from soil and other sources without affecting 15N fertilizer recovery. There is no need for the supplementation of N via mineral fertilizers when A. brasilense co-inoculation is performed in a cowpea crop. However, even in the case of an NPK basal fertilization, applied N rates should remain below 20 kg N ha−1 when co-inoculation with Bradyrhizobium sp. and A. brasilense is performed.



biological nitrogen fixation, nitrogen fractions, nitrogen-15, plant growth rhizobacteria, Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp

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Plants, v. 11, n. 14, 2022.