Influence of the LiNbO3 and KNbO3 seeds on the sintering and electrical properties of PMN ceramic

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Cavalheiro, A. A.
Zaghete, M. A.
Varela, José Arana [UNESP]
Villegas, M.
Fernandez, J. F.

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Taylor & Francis Ltd


The effect of LiNbO3 and KNbO3 seeds on the microstructure and dielectric characteristics of PMN ceramic prepared by columbite route have been investigated with the addition of 0, 1, and 2-wt% of seeds. X-ray diffraction, Scanning Electron Microscopy and an impedance analyzer were used to characterize the influence of seeds on physical characteristics and dielectric properties of PMN. LiNbO3 -seeded PMN samples present a significant increase in the amount of perovskite phase. The addition of LiNbO3 seeds in sintered PMN ceramics at 1100degreesC during 4 h causes a decrease in the porosity and the amount of pyrochlore phase. Weight losses during sintering of PMN ceramics are suppressed more significantly for LiNbO3 -seeded PMN. T-m of PMN ceramics changes with seeds concentration. KNbO3 seeds displace T-m to lower temperature whereas LiNbO3 causes its elevation. Dielectric constants of approximately 13,000 at 1 kHz was measured at -5degreesC in PMN ceramics with 1-wt% of LiNbO3 seeds.



PMN, Columbite, ferroelectric, seeds, Rietveld Method

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Ferroelectrics. Abingdon: Taylor & Francis Ltd, v. 268, p. 315-320, 2002.