Artigos - Arquitetura, Urbanismo e Paisagismo - FAAC

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  • ItemArtigo
    Multipurpose plants in home gardens of Guarulhos (São Paulo State, Brazil): from biodiversity conservation to public health
    (2022-01-01) dos Santos, Silvia Rosana; Ferreira, Maurício Lamano; Francos, Maria Solange; Benini, Sandra Medina [UNESP]; Tavares, Armando Reis [UNESP]; do Nascimento, Ana Paula Branco; Universidade Federal de São Carlos (UFSCar); Universidade de São Paulo (USP); Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP); ANAP
    Introduction: Among the human adaptive strategies, plant cultivation is one of the most important over the last ten thousand years. However, with the development of large urban centers, human population resign some habits in relation of plant cultivation. Recently home gardens have received attention as an important germplasm bank, preserving many non-commercial species. Objective: This study aims to investigate the diversity of plants cultivated in home gardens. Was also explored how the human population relation with these resources. Originality: Home gardens have a high potential to maintain resources for urban biodiversity through the variety of plants that are cultivated. However, predominantly small cities are targets of studies of this nature, and large cities are the ones that suffer the most from urbanization pressure. Thus, this work brings this approach to the second largest city in the metropolitan region of Sao Paulo. Methodology: The population of President Dutra and Bonsucesso in the city of Guarulhos, SP, was studied. We interview 150 people, being 102 at the Presidente Dutra district and 48 in Bonsucesso neighborhood. It was used a semi-structured and random selection of households surveyed. Results: The neighborhoods prevailed the cultivation of ornamental plants which were represented by 51 botanical families, followed by food related plants with 38 botanical families and medicinal plants with 15 botanical families. Contributions: These data indicate a preference for the cultivation of ornamental plants in backyards in the city of Guarulhos, SP. Conclusions: Residential backyards of the city of Guarulhos showed numerous purposes such as leisure space, housework, car garage and shelter for animals; however, there is a strong occurrence of cultivated plants.
  • ItemCapítulo de livro
    Inclusive Product Design: Applicating the Montessori Methodology into the Design Conception of Children’s Products
    (2022-01-01) Moreira, Leonardo [UNESP]; Barata, Tomás Queiroz Ferreira; Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP); Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
    This article presents the results of an ongoing scientific initiation research, as well as the contributions attained from a Research Internships Abroad Program (BEPE/FAPESP) which sought to expand the theoretical framework on design processes regarding sensory products in the European Market. The study focuses on toys for children with blindness or low vision, including its design process, all the way though its physical prototyping. Here follows the adopted structure of analysis: (a) Theoretical review on the design of sensory products and the contribution of the Montessori method; (b) Application of synchronous analysis amid similar children’s toys from the European market, specifically those commercialized in Portugal; (c) Project development with generation and selection of alternatives; (d) Experimental execution of the physical prototype at the Prototype Laboratory. Thus, this research aims to contribute to the development of sensory products through the Montessori method, as well as stimulating further research in the areas of Product Design and Inclusive Design.
  • ItemResenha
    Participatory experiences in urban planning and management: A systematic review
    (2021-01-01) Pereira Mendes, Maressa Correa [UNESP]; de Castro Fontes, Maria Solange Gurgel [UNESP]; Magagnin, Renata Cardoso [UNESP]; Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
    The democratization of discussions about urban planning and management is a relatively recent process. It is based on the articles 182 and 183 of the 1988 Brazilian Federal Constitution and Law 10,257/2001 (City Statute), which consolidated the Master Plans as a basic instrument of the developmental policy and urban expansion of municipalities and made popular participation mandatory during its design and implementation. Aim: To understand how the participatory experiences were during the Master Plans revision process in different Brazilian municipalities in consequence of the obligatoriness established by Law 10.257/2001. Methodology: The methodologic procedure was a systematic review of academic researches (theses and dissertations) on Brazilian Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations – BDTD, data collected from participatory proceeding, systematization, and analysis of the results. Results: The review identified: (1) the main characteristics of the researches in terms of their structure, area of knowledge, keywords, (2) the instruments of democratic management provided for the urban legislation and the respective participatory tools proposed by the Ministry of Cities and adopted by the evaluated municipalities, and (3) the main difficulties faced, as well as the advances and potentialities of including participation in urban planning and management. Discussion: This research found out that the adoption of the instruments of democratic management, as well as the participatory tools, for a large number of studied municipalities do not support establishing that the participatory processes were effective, as a consequence of events that weakened them. Nevertheless, advances and potentialities to be consolidated were detected.
  • ItemArtigo
    The quality of the physical environment of outdoor academies
    (2020-01-01) Maia, Marina Lisboa [UNESP]; de Castro Fontes, Maria Solange Gurgel [UNESP]; Magagnin, Renata Cardoso [UNESP]; Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
    Outdoor gyms (AAL's) are contemporary urban infrastructures designed to encourage physical exercise in open spaces, whether public or private. They exert an influence on the urban environment and provide a broad field of research, especially related to the impact on people's quality of life. This impact requires academies endowed with a quality physical environment, be it in its base, border and surroundings. In this context, this paper shows a method to evaluate the quality of the AAL's base, applied in 10 academies in Bauru-SP, Brazil. The results highlight aspects related to the themes Accessibility, Comfort, Uses and Activities and Sociability, which favor and/or compromise the quality of the physical environment, and show that the proposed method is an effective tool for: 1. Use in interventions in the AAL's evaluated; 2. Planning of similar spaces and 3. Comparison between different AAL's.
  • ItemTrabalho apresentado em evento
    A grelha e a praça: Variações tipológicas no oeste paulista
    (2016-01-01) Enokibara, Marta [UNESP]; Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
  • ItemTrabalho apresentado em evento
    O jardim histórico nas cartas patrimoniais: Da carta de Atenas (1931) à Carta de Florença (1981)
    (2016-01-01) Enokibara, Marta [UNESP]; Machado, Giovanna Carraro Maia [UNESP]; Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
  • ItemTrabalho apresentado em evento
    Rehabilitation of buildings in historic center : São paulo building, são paulo, Brazil
    (2012-12-01) Salcedo, Rosio Fernández Baca [UNESP]; Arruda, Bruno [UNESP]; Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
    In front of the demand for housing in the historic center of São Paulo, São Paulo City Council during the negotiations of 2001 to 2004 and from 2005 to 2008, through the Residential Leasing Program (PAR) rehabilitated some buildings for housing social interest, including the São Paulo Building. The paper aims to analyze: Architectural interventions made in the São Paulo Building for residential suitability, degree of preservation of the building, rehabilitation, operation costs, characteristics of the beneficiaries and housing quality. Methods: To analyze the architectural and the degree of preservation were discussed concepts and theories on equity, housing, restoration, rehabilitation and consulted the legislation on architectural heritage in the historic center of São Paulo. The degree of preservation of the building was analyzed by comparing between the initial project and the rehabilitation project. The quality of housing was analyzed through the following indicators: m/house, m/user, Number of users/bedroom, environmental comfort, safety, accessibility. In order to know the socioeconomic characteristics of users, questionnaires were applied in 2011. Results: The proposed indicators can contribute to policies, programs and projects aimed at improving the quality of social housing in buildings of historic, architectural heritage preservation and contemporary use.
  • ItemTrabalho apresentado em evento
    Urban sustainability in pedestrian street in downtown areas : Case study of bauru - Brazil
    (2012-12-01) Magagnin, Renata Cardoso [UNESP]; Salcedo, Rosio Fernández Baca [UNESP]; De Castro Fontes, Maria Solange Gurgel [UNESP]; Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
    The pedestrian streets in central areas of cities are mainly characterized by the concentration of commerce and financial and service sectors. The uses and users of those spaces are influenced by spatial quality of their urban design. Among the positive aspects that influence the spatial quality are: urban accessibility, microclimates, state of maintenance of public space and buildings and the valuation of historical heritage. In this context, this research focuses on a pedestrian street located in the central area of the city of Bauru-SP, Brazil. This paper analyzes the level of sustainability of that pedestrian street through the following aspects: microclimate, accessibility and preservation of architectural heritage. This research used different methodologies (questionnaires, microclimatic monitoring, photographic survey of urban space and facades, survey of heritage buildings among others) to analyze the conditions of urban accessibility, thermal comfort of the users, state maintenance of urban space and the preservation and enhancement of heritage facades in order to measure the level of sustainability of that pedestrian street. This paper contributes to studies on the quality of streets in downtown areas, sustainability, public policy and urban planning; and it also contributes to the formulation of municipal policies aimed at providing a better quality of life for users.
  • ItemTrabalho apresentado em evento
    Electrical energy consumption as a function of urban variables
    (2008-01-01) De Souza, Léa Cristina Lucas; De Oliveira, Alinne Prado; Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
    This paper analyzes the electrical energy consumption of households as a function of urban variables, by modelling the urban thermal environment with Artificial Neural Networks (ANN). The study area was a residential neighbourhood. Urban features of reference points were determined by the following characteristics: urban heat island, sky view factor, and users' income level. For each of these reference points, urban air temperatures at the pedestrian level were collected with data-loggers. At the same time, rural temperatures made available by the city meteorological station site were registered. In addition, the user's profiles were identified by means of a questionnaire applied to the households. Their electrical energy consumption data were also collected from the power supply company. Models applying Artificial Neural Networks were then developed for the most important periods of UHI intensity. The results show that low values of sky view factor and high urban heat islands, when observed in high income zones, are associated with the largest electrical energy consumption patterns.
  • ItemTrabalho apresentado em evento
    Urban geometry and electrical energy consumption in a tropical city
    (2004-12-01) Souza, Léa C.L. [UNESP]; Pedrotti, Flávia S.; Leme, Francesco T.; Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
    A study to estimate a correlation between urban geometry and electrical energy consumption of Bauru, a tropical city situated in Brazil, is presented. The study suggests a direct correlation of electrical energy consumption to the urban geometry canyon, and also establishes relationship between sky view factor and the temperature and energy consumption. A comparative study of energy consumption during summer and winter seasons, was also presented. The relationship between temperature and energy consumption to the urban geometry of the canyon could be used by architects to optimize the energy use of a city.
  • ItemArtigo
    Urban planning and political participation: From Spain to Brazil
    (2021-01-01) Goulart, Jefferson O. [UNESP]; Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
    This interdisciplinary bibliographic review, based on documentary research from institutional sources, analyzes the participatory ideal within urban planning, examining how such topic figures in the institutional framework of Spain’s urban policy in the contemporary period. Regarding analytical parameters, we assume that institutional norms determine participatory mechanisms. Participation in public policy formulation and implementation processes refers to debates about democratic theories and is discussed within their normative statements and corresponding rules. The participation institutional framework, in the Spanish case, lies in the constitutional principles, in the ordinary legislation and in the Land Law, which have a low degree of institutionalization. Next, we present some comparative notes on the Brazilian case, where, despite the most recent setbacks, still shows a higher degree of participatory institutionalization in urban policy.
  • ItemArtigo
    Lugares do Catolicismo Negro na São Paulo do século XIX
    (2021-01-01) Santos, Fabrício Forganes [UNESP]; Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
    In the 19th century, during the peak of the presence of blacks in the city of São Paulo, four Brotherhoods of Black Men inserted themselves into the urban plan, demarcating the places where the excluded population could socialize and preserve their African references. The flow of black devotees in these and other churches would allow the establishment of territories of Black Catholicism in São Paulo, deemed as the genesis of black urban presence in this city. In addition to presenting these architectural landmarks and acknowledging them as sites of the religious scene of the 1800s, the exercise of identifying them from primary documents aims to reveal traces of a still-silenced urban history.
  • ItemTrabalho apresentado em evento
    Modelling and mapping the urban thermal environment
    (2007-01-01) Souza, Léa Cristina Lucas de [UNESP]; Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
    In order to develop a methodology and tools that could help on thermal urban planning, this paper proposes a modelling of urban thermal environment based on the application of Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) and GIS tools. The study area was a residential neighbourhood in a medium sized city, where urban air temperatures at the pedestrian level could be collected. At the same time, rural temperatures that were registered and made available by the city meteorological station site, have been obtained. Urban features of these points were determined by the following characteristics: street's orientation, building volumes, proportion of green areas, proportion of built and non-built areas and sky view factors (SVF). Based on the differences of urban and rural air temperatures registered at 7 p.m., a model applying Artificial Neural Networks was developed. The results of that model allowed the simulation of values for the entire area and the creation of thermal maps in a GIS environment.
  • ItemTrabalho apresentado em evento
    An assessment of evaluation methods applied in decision support systems for sustainable urban mobility planning
    (2007-01-01) Magagnin, Renata Cardoso [UNESP]; Rodrigues da silva, Antônio Nélson; Ramos, Rui António Rodrigues; Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP); Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
    The objective of this paper is to discuss procedures for assessing the impacts of different evaluation methods used in systems designed to sustainable urban mobility planning and management. The case studied shows a comparison of the points of view assumed by a small group of experts when using two particular systems. The evaluation methods used in those systems are: Pair-wise Comparisons and Scale of Points. The evaluation was conducted for groups of indicators devised for urban mobility monitoring, which were called Themes. The twenty Themes were also grouped in the following five general Categories: Transport and Environment, Transport Management, Transport Infrastructure, Transport Planning, and Socioeconomic Aspects of Transport. The main conclusions drawn from the application of non-parametric statistical methods for comparing the results of the evaluations suggest that the method Scale of Points could be the most indicated for evaluations with community members in general (experts or non-experts).
  • ItemTrabalho apresentado em evento
    A comparative analysis of brazilian strategic planning in the 90S: A study of projects of urban promotion of ippuc, the 'rio cidade program' and the 'tamanduatehy axle'
    (2007-01-01) Pasquotto, Geise Brizotti; Retto, Adalberto da Silva [UNESP]; Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
    The present work proposes a comparative analysis of three Brazilian strategic planning experiments from the 1990s. The chosen urban interventions are the 'Rio Cidade' Program (Rio de Janeiro), the 'Tamanduatehy Axis' (São Paulo) and the IPPUC projects (Paraná), that are inserted in the beggining of the international urban debate. From this study on, this paper seeks a critical analysis of the present urban processes and the utilization of new tools to promote cities.
  • ItemArtigo
    Thermal environment as a parameter for urban planning
    (2007-01-01) de Souza, Léa Cristina Lucas [UNESP]; Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
    This paper suggests an analysis of the urban thermal environment by the development of maps in a GIS environment, rather than relying only on numerical analyses. Urban canyons in an area of a medium-sized Brazilian city were studied to demonstrate the approach. First, a computational algorithm was applied in order to allow the determination of sky view factors (SVFs) and sun-paths in urban canyons. Then, air and surface temperatures in 40 measurement points were collected within the study area. The creation of thermal maps for the whole neighborhood was possible due to a statistical treatment of the data, through the interpolation of values. All data could then be spatially cross-examined. In addition, thermal comfort maps for summer and winter were generated. This methodology allowed the identification of thermal tendencies within the neighborhood, which can be useful in the definition of guidelines for urban planning purposes. © 2007 International Energy Initiative, Inc.
  • ItemArtigo
    A estratégia territorial da Colônia Militar do Itapura: legado urbano e arquitetônico
    (Museu Paulista, Universidade de São Paulo, 2020-09-04) Ghirardello, Nilson [UNESP]; Ferrari, Daniel Candeloro [UNESP]; Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp)
    In the mid-nineteenth century the imperial government employed a plan of occupation of the national territory through the creation of military colonies. Thus, the foundation of these settlements throughout the empire is connected to the problems related to social control and domination, at a time when the maintenance of territorial integrity and, at the same period, a perspective of expansion of the frontiers were posed as most urgent among the tasks of political elites. Itapura and Avanhandava were the two colonies in the province of São Paulo and inherited the homonyms of their strategic implantation sites - the waterfalls of the Tietê river. This paper aims to study the military colony of Itapura in its spatial-constructive aspect. The objective is to analyze the textual and cartographic material of the colony, documentation collected in public archives, mainly plans and projects, bringing to light such primary source. Therefore, with an evident intention of urban planning, it demonstrates that was an ideal that was beyond demarcating and occupying the territory: the aim was to build a projected city, initially with military character and on the banks of the Tietê, which would be the seed of future civil nucleus. Moreover, by comparing the plans of the 19th century colony with the images of its ruins, photographed by the Geographical and Geological Committee of São Paulo in the early 20thcentury, we can verify the architectural exuberance of your buildings and the urban quality of your plan, which is considered innovative for the age.
  • ItemData paper
    NEOTROPICAL ALIEN MAMMALS: a data set of occurrence and abundance of alien mammals in the Neotropics
    (2020-11-01) Rosa, Clarissa Alves da; Ribeiro, Bruno R.; Bejarano, Vanesa [UNESP]; Puertas, Fernando Henrique; Bocchiglieri, Adriana; Barbosa, Adriana Loeser dos Santos; Chiarello, Adriano Garcia; Paglia, Adriano Pereira; Pereira, Adriele Aparecida; Moreira, Adryelle Francisca de Souza; Souza, Agnis Cristiane de; Pellegrin, Aiesca; Gatica, Ailin; Medeiro, Akyllan Zoppi; Pereira, Alan Deivid; Braz, Alan Gerhardt; Yanosky, Alberto; Valenzuela, Alejandro Eduardo Jorge; Bertassoni, Alessandra; Prado, Alessandra dos Santos Venturini do; Nava, Alessandra Ferreira Dales; Rocha, Alessandro [UNESP]; Bovo, Alex Augusto Abreu; Bager, Alex; Cravino, Alexandra; Pires, Alexandra dos Santos; Martensen, Alexandre Camargo; Filippini, Alexandre; Percequillo, Alexandre Reis; Vogliotti, Alexandre; Antunes, Alexsander Zamorano; Leite de Oliveira, Aline Cristina; da Silva de Oliveira, Allan Jefferson; Devlin, Allison; de Paula, Almir; Ferreira, Aluane Silva; García-Olaechea, Alvaro; Subalusky, Amanda; Sánchez, Amadeo; de Aquino, Ana Carla Medeiros Morato; Srbek-Araujo, Ana Carolina; Paldês Gonçales, Amane; Araújo, Ana Caroline L.; Gozzi, Ana Cecilia; Ochoa, Ana Cecilia; Mendes de Oliveira, Ana Cristina; Lacerda, Ana Cristyna Reis; Francisco, Ana Karina; Paschoal, Ana Maria de Oliveira; Gomes, Ana Paula Nascimento; Potrich, Ana Paula; Olímpio, Ana Priscila Medeiros; Rojas, Ana; Meiga, Ana Yoko Ykeuti; Jácomo, Anah Tereza de Almeida; Calaça, Analice Maria; Feijó, Anderson; Pagoto, Anderson; Borja Miranda, André; Chein Alonso, André; Barreto-Lima, André Felipe; Lanna, Andre; Luza, André Luís; Camilo, André Restel; Tavares, André; Nunes, André Valle; Kindel, Andreas; de Miguel, Andrés; Gatti, Andressa; Nobre, Andrezza Bellotto; Campêlo, Anielise da Conceição; Albuquerque, Anna Carolina Figueiredo de; de la Torre, Antonio; Mangione, Antonio; Mendes Pontes, Antonio Rossano; Fernandes, Arthur Soares; Felicio, Artur Luiz de Almeida; Ferreguetti, Atilla Colombo; Marcili, Arlei; Piratelli, Augusto João; Nascimento, Ariel Guilherme Santos do; Banhos dos Santos, Áureo; Rosa, Beatris Felipe; Cezila, Beatriz Azevedo; de Thoisy, Benoit; Ingberman, Bianca; Köhler, Bianca; Morais, Bianca Cruz; Gómez-Valencia, Bibiana; Bertagni de Camargo, Bruna; Bezerra, Bruna M.; Tamasauskas, Bruna; Parahyba Campos, Bruno A. T.; Kubiak, Bruno Busnello; Saranholi, Bruno Henrique; Nakagawa, Bruno K.; Leles, Bruno Pereira [UNESP]; Lim, Burton K.; Pereira Mendes, Calebe [UNESP]; Islas, Camila Alvez; Aoki, Camila; Cantagallo Devids, Camila; Figueiredo, Camila; Abreu, Camila Matias Goes de; Silva Oliveira, Camila Raquel; Cassano, Camila Righetto; Lugarini, Camile; Caputo, Carin; Gestich, Carla Cristina; Tedesco, Carla Denise; Vera y Conde, Carla Fabiane de; Hegel, Carla Grasiele Zanin; Kasper, Carlos Benhur; De Angelo, Carlos; Grelle, Carlos E. V.; Fragoso, Carlos Eduardo; Esbérard, Carlos Eduardo Lustosa; Rocha, Carlos Frederico Duarte; Verona, Carlos Eduardo; Salvador, Carlos Henrique; Vieira, Carlos Leonardo; Abrahão, Carlos Roberto; Brocardo, Carlos Rodrigo [UNESP]; Fieker, Carolline Zatta; Braga, Caryne; Sánchez Lalinde, Catalina; Bueno, Cecília; Ikuta, Cássia Yumi; Luna, Cecília Licarião Barreto; Cestari, Cesar [UNESP]; Del Vechio Koike, Christine; Knogge, Christoph; Anderson, Christopher Brian; Hurtado, Cindy M.; Ferreira Antunes de Oliveira, Cintia; Tellaeche, Cintia; Cesário, Clarice Silva [UNESP]; Costa, Claudia Guimarães; Kanda, Claudia Zukeran [UNESP]; Costa, Sebastián Andrés; Seixas, Cristiana Simão; Trinca, Cristiano Trapé; López-Fuerte, Cristina F.; da Cunha, Cristina Jaques; Doutel Ribas, Cynthia; Santos, Cyntia Cavalcante; Buscariol, Daiane; Carreira, Daiane; Nascimento, Daiane Chaves do; Carvalho, Danianderson Rodrigues; Ferraz, Daniel da Silva; Galiano, Daniel; Homem, Daniel Henrique; Jesús-Espinosa, Daniel; Bôlla, Daniela A. S.; Moreno, Daniele Janina; Moreira, Danielle de Oliveira; Ramos, Danielle Leal [UNESP]; de Amorim, Danilo Angelucci; Barros-Battesti, Darci Moraes [UNESP]; Lopez, David Echeverri; Tavares, Davi Castro; Post, David M.; Couto, Dayvid Rodrigues; Patrocínio, Dennis Nogarolli; Carvalho, Diana Letícia Kruger Pacheco; Silva, Diego Afonso; Córdoba, Diego; Queirolo, Diego; Varela, Diego; de Oliveira, Dilmar Alberto Goncalves; Casanova, Diogo Cavenague; Dias, Douglas de Matos; Machado da Silva, Douglas; Barbier, Eder; Rivadeneira, Edgar Federico; Alexandrino, Eduardo; Carrano, Eduardo; Santos, Eduardo Marques; Venticinque, Eduardo Martins; Hernández-Pérez, Edwin; Casazza, Egberto da Fonseca; Anderson, Elizabeth P.; Fraga, Elmary da Costa; de Lima, Elson Fernandes; D'Bastiani, Elvira; Vieira, Emerson Monteiro; Guijosa-Guadarrama, Emiliano; González, Enrique M.; Maggiorini, Erica Vanessa; Aguiar, Erick Francisco Silva de; Martínez-Nambo, Erik Daniel; Castro, Érika Paula; de la Peña-Cuéllar, Erika; Pedó, Ezequiel; Melo, Fabiana Cristina S. Alves de; Rocha, Fabiana Lopes; Fonseca, Fabiana Luques; Girardi, Fabiane; Melo, Fabiano Rodrigues de; Roque, Fábio de Oliveira; Keesen Ferreira, Fabíola; Peters, Felipe Bortolotto; Moreli Fantacini, Felipe; Pedrosa, Felipe [UNESP]; Pessoa da Silva, Felipe; Vélez-García, Felipe; Abra, Fernanda D.; de Azevedo, Fernanda Cavalcanti; Guedes da Silva, Fernanda; Neri, Fernanda Maria; Teixeira, Fernanda Zimmermann; Fernandez, Fernando Antonio dos Santos; Carvalho, Fernando; Passos, Fernandode Camargo; Jacinavicius, Fernando de Castro; Ferreira, Fernando; Pinho, Fernando Ferreira de; Gonçalves, Fernando [UNESP]; Ibanez Martins, Fernando; Lima, Fernando [UNESP]; Contreras-Moreno, Fernando M.; Ribeiro, Fernando Silvério; Tortato, Fernando; Patel, Filipe M.; Caruso, Flavia; Tirelli, Flávia Pereira; Rodrigues, Flávio Henrique Guimarães; Ubaid, Flávio Kulaif; Palmeira, Francesca Belem Lopes; Grotta Neto, Francisco; Gabriel, Francisco Homem; de Souza, Franco Leandro; Costa, Francys E. da Veiga da; de Aguiar, Gabriel Lima; Lemos, Frederico Gemesio; Magezi, Gabriel S.; Panigai, Gabriel Ferreira Vianna Di; Hofmann, Gabriel Selbach; Heliodoro, Gabriela; Rosa Graviola, Gabriela [UNESP]; Beca, Gabrielle; Andrade, Gabrielle Ribeiro de; Jiménez Romero, Germán; Duarte, Gabriela Teixeira; Melo, Geruza Leal; Dierings, Geverson Luiz; Sabino-Santos, Gilberto; de Oliveira, Geovana Linhares; Santana, Gindomar Gomes; Ciocheti, Giordano; Zanirato, Gisele Lamberti [UNESP]; Alves, Giselle Bastos; Batista, Graziele Oliveira; Behling, Greici Maia; Ferreira, Guilherme Braga; da Rocha, Guilherme Casoni; Lessa, Gisele; Mourão, Guilherme; Maras, Gustavo A.; Toledo, Gustavo Alves da Costa; Gonsioroski, Gustavo; Canale, Gustavo R.; Schuchmann, Karl-Ludwig; Sebastião, Harley; Alves do Prado, Helena; Bergallo, Helena de Godoy; Secco, Helio Kinast Cruz; Roig, Henrique Llacer; Rajão, Henrique; Carlos, Henrique Santiago Alberto; Duarte, Herbert de Oliveira B.; Ermenegildo, Hiago; Pena, Hilda Fátima de Jesus; Entringer Júnior, Hilton; Paulino Neto, Hipólito Ferreira; Lemos, Hudson de Macedo; del Castillo, Hugo; Fernandes-Ferreira, Hugo; Coitiño Banquero, Hugo Ignacio; Roesler, Ignacio; Ribeiro, Igor Kintopp; Coelho, Igor Pfeifer; Lima, Ingrid M. S.; Bechara, Isabel Muniz; Lermen, Isabel Salgueiro; Mella Méndez, Isac; Schuck, Gabriela; Esperandio, Isadora Beraldi; Silva, Ita de Oliveria; Mourthe, Italo; Oliveira, Igor; Bernardi, Itiberê Piaia; Miller, Jacqueline R.; Marinho-Filho, Jader; Zocche, Jairo José; Russell, James Charles; Seibert, Jardel Brandão; Hinojosa, Javier; Vitule, Jean R. S.; Thompson, Jeffrey J.; Silva, Jean Carlos Ramos; Gouvea, Jéssica Abonízio [UNESP]; Santos, Jean Pierre; Falcão, Jéssica Caroline de Faria; Castro-Prieto, Jessica; Ferreira, Jéssica Paloma; Pincheira-Ulbrich, Jimmy; Nodari, Joana Zorzal; Zecchini Gebin, João Carlos; Giovanelli, João Gabriel Ribeiro [UNESP]; Miranda, João M. D.; Souza-Alves, João Pedro; Marins, João Rafael Gomes de Almeida; Costa, Jociel Ferreira; Sponchiado, Jonas; de Souza, Jonathas Linds; Gallo, Jorge Alberto; Cherem, Jorge José; Cordeiro, José Luís Passos; Duarte, José Maurício Barbanti [UNESP]; Dantas, José Oliveira; de Matos, José Roberto; Pires, José Salatiel Rodrigues; Martínez Lanfranco, Juan Andrés; de la Cruz Godoy, Juan Camilo; Rudolf, Juan Carlos; Parrish, Juan Felipe Reátiga; Tellarini, Juan Francisco; Peña-Mondragón, Juan L.; Arrabal, Juan Pablo; Reppucci, Juan; Ruiz-Esparza, Juan; Beduschi, Julia; Oshima, Júlia Emi de Faria [UNESP]; Ribeiro, Juliana Fernandes; Almeida Rocha, Juliana Monteiro de; Ferreira Neto, José Soares; Silveira dos Santos, Juliana [UNESP]; Pereira-Ribeiro, Juliane; Zanoni, Juliani Bruna; Bogoni, Juliano André; Ferreira, Juliana Rodrigues; Bicca-Marques, Júlio César; Chacón Pacheco, Julio Javier; Scarascia, Pietro de Oliveira; Guidoni-Martins, Karlo Gregório; Burs, Kathrin; Ferraz, Katia Maria Paschoaletto Micchi de Barros; Pisciotta, Kátia Regina; Silva, Katyucha Von Kossel de Andrade; Juarez, Keila MacFadem; de la Cruz-Félix, Keynes; de Morais, Kimberly Danielle Rodrigues [UNESP]; Candelária, Lana Pavão; Fornitano, Larissa [UNESP]; Bailey, Larissa Lynn; Gonçalves, Larissa Oliveira; Fasola, Laura; Nova León, Laura Johanna; de Andrade, Layla Reis; Marques, Leandro de Oliveira; Macedo, Leandro; Moreira, Leandro Santana; Silveira, Leandro; Oliveira, Leonardo de Carvalho; da Silva, Leonardo Henrique [UNESP]; Jerusalinsky, Leandro; La Serra, Leonardo; Marques Costa, Leonardo; Sartorello, Leonardo Rodrigues; Munhoes, Leticia Prado; Oliveira-Silva, Liany Regina B.; de Pina, Ligia Ferracine; Bonjorne, Lilian; Rampim, Lilian Elaine; Sales, Lilian P.; Gonçalves da Silva, Lucas; Quintilham, Lucas Lacerda Toth; Perillo, Lucas Neves; Rodríguez-Planes, Lucía Inés; Martín, Lucía; Araújo, Luciana Souza; Tiepolo, Liliani Marilia; Zago Silva, Luciana; García Loaiza, Lina Marcela; Querido, Luciano Carramaschi de Alagão; da Silva, Luciano Ferreira; La Sala, Luciano Francisco; Bopp, Luciano Tessare; Hufnagel, Ludmila; Oliveira, Luiz Flamarion Barbosa de; Oliveira-Santos, Luiz Gustavo Rodrigues; Lyra, Luiz Henrique; Guimarães, Luiza Neves; Jimenez Segura, Luz Fernanda; de Sousa, Luziene Conceição; Möcklinghoff, Lydia; Guichón, M. Laura; de la Maza, Javier; Barrios-Garcia, M. Noelia; Talamoni, Sônia A.; Severo, Magnus Machado; Martins, Maísa Ziviani Alves; Oliveira, Marcela Alvares; Figuerêdo Duarte Moraes, Marcela [UNESP]; Lima, Marcela Guimarães Moreira; Soares Pinheiro, Marcell; Pônzio, Marcella do Carmo; Guerreiro, Marcello; Cervini, Marcelo; da Silva, Marcelo; Oliveira, Marcelo Juliano Rabelo; Magioli, Marcelo; Passamani, Marcelo; Silva de Almeida, Marcelo; Amaku, Marcos; Leite de Oliveira, Márcio [UNESP]; Tortato, Marcos Adriano; Melo, Marcos Antônio; Coutinho, Marcos E.; Dantas Santos, Marcos Pérsio; Vieira, Marcus V.; Andrade, Maria Augusta; Barros, Maria Claudene; Rosario, Maria Cristina Ferreira do; Domit, Maria Dolores Alves dos Santos; Fernandes, Maria Emília de Avelar; Iezzi, María Eugenia; do Nascimento, Maria Histele Sousa; Andrade-Núñez, María José; Lorini, Maria Lucia; Morini, Maria Santina de Castro; Nagy-Reis, Mariana B.; Landis, Mariana Bueno; Vale, Mariana Moncassim; Xavier, Mariana Sampaio; Kaizer, Mariane C.; Baptiste, Maria Piedad; Bergel, Mariano Maudet; Borgnia, Mariela; Barros, Marília A. S.; Lima da Silva, Marina; Favarini, Marina Ochoa; Sales Munerato, Marina [UNESP]; Zaluar, Marina Trancoso; Winter, Marina; Xavier da Silva, Marina; Zanin, Marina; Marques, Marinêz Isaac; Haberfeld, Mario Burke; Di Bitetti, Mario S.; Galliez, Maron; Alvarez, Martin R.; Malerba, Martina; Rivero, Marina; Melo Dias, Mateus; de Oliveira, Mateus Yan [UNESP]; dos Reis, Matheus Gonçalves; Corrêa, Matheus Rocha Jorge; Graipel, Maurício Eduardo; Godoi, Mauricio N.; Núñez-Regueiro, Maurício M.; Moura, Mauricio Osvaldo; Orsi, Mário Luís; Galvão da Silva, Marco Aurélio; Sanvicente Lopez, Mauro; Benedetti, Maximiliano Augusto; Beltrão, Mayara Guimarães; Camino, Micaela; Faria, Michel Barros; Miretzki, Michel; Luiz, Micheli Ribeiro; Perine, Michell; Monteiro, Miguel Coutinho Moretta; Alves-Eigenheer, Milene [UNESP]; Perilli, Miriam Lucia Lages; da Silva, Mônica Andrade; Marini, Miguel Ângelo; Silva Pereira, Monicque; de Freitas Junior, Mozart Caetano; Cossa, Natalia; Denkiewicz, Natalia Mariana; Tôrres, Natália Mundim; Olifiers, Natalie; de Albuquerque, Natasha Moraes; Canassa, Nathália Fernandes [UNESP]; Detogne, Nathália; Gurgel Filho, Newton; Seoane, Nicolás Fernando; da Rosa Oliveira, Nicole; Megale, Nicoli; Pasqualotto, Nielson; Cáceres, Nilton Carlos; Peroni, Nivaldo; Zanella, Noeli; Pays, Olivier; Arimoro, Omolabake Alhambra Silva; Acevedo-Charry, Orlando; de Almeida Curi, Nelson Henrique; Pinha, Patricia Ribeiro Salgado; Perovic, Pablo; Gonçalves, Pablo Rodrigues; Santos, Paloma Marques; Brennand, Pamella Gusmão de Goés; Kerches Rogeri, Patrícia; Rosas Ribeiro, Patrícia; da Rocha, Patrício Adriano; de Lázari, Patrick Ricardo; Pedreira, Paula Anabel; Pinheiro, Paula Fabiana; Lira, Paula Koeler; Ferreira, Paula Modenesi; Martin, Paula Sanches; Antas, Paulo de Tarso Zuquim; Marinho, Paulo Henrique; Ruffino, Paulo Henrique Peira; Camargo, Paulo Henrique S. A.; Landgref Filho, Paulo; Mangini, Paulo Rogério; Farias, Patrick; Cordeiro-Estrela, Pedro; de Faria Peres, Pedro Henrique [UNESP]; Galetti, Pedro Manoel; Ramírez-Bautista, Pedro; Maués, Paula Cristina Rodrigues de Almeida; Renaud, Pierre-Cyril; Sartorello, Ricardo; Barros, Pollyanna Alves de; Lombardi, Pryscilla Moura; Bessa, Rafael; Arroyo-Gerala, Paulina; de Souza, Rafael Cerqueira Castro; Zenni, Rafael D.; Flores Peredo, Rafael; Hoogesteijn, Rafael; Loyola, Rafael; Alves, Rafael Souza Cruz; Rodarte, Raisa Reis de Paula; Silva, Ramon Lima; de Oliveira, Ramonna; Beltrão-Mendes, Raone; Alencar, Raony de Macêdo; da Silva, Raquel Costa; Pedroso, Rayssa; Sampaio, Rebeca Ferreira; Ribeiro, Renan Lieto Alves [UNESP]; Pardini, Renata; Twardowsky Ramalho Bonikowski, Renata; Pagotto, Renata Valls; Dias, Ricardo Augusto; Bassini-Silva, Ricardo; Corassa Arrais, Ricardo; Sampaio, Ricardo; de Cassia Bianchi, Rita [UNESP]; Paolino, Roberta Montanheiro; Fusco-Costa, Roberto; Trovati, Roberto Guilherme; Espíndola Hack, Robson Odeli; Mauro, Rodiney de Arruda; Nobre, Rodrigo de Almeida; Gessulli, Rodrigo Delmonte; León Pérez, Rodrigo; Massara, Rodrigo Lima; Fróes da Silva, Rodrigo Medina; de Paula, Rogério Cunha; da Cunha, Rogério Grassetto Teixeira; Costa, Rômulo Theodoro; Marques, Rosane Vera; Morato, Ronaldo Gonçalves; Bovendorp, Ricardo S.; Dornas, Rubem Augusto da Paixão; Andrade, Rubia Santana; Siciliano, Salvatore; Guaragni, Samara Arsego; Rolim, Samir Gonçalves; Astete, Samuel; Cavalcanti, Sandra; Hartz, Sandra Maria; Carvalho, Santiago; Cortez, Sara; Silvestre de Sousa, Saulo Meneses; Ballari, Sebastián A.; Ramos Lima, Saulo; Cirignoli, Sebastián; García-R, Sebastian; Bazilio, Sérgio [UNESP]; Solari Torres, Sergio; Back Franco, Silvana; Martins, Simone Rebouças; de Bustos, Soledad; Age, Stefani Gabrieli [UNESP]; Ferrari, Stephen Francis; Francisco, Talitha Mayumi; Micheletti, Tatiane; Godim, Tayanna Medonça da Silva; Luiz, Thais Guimaraes; Ochotorena de Freitas, Thales Renato; Rodrigues, Thiago Ferreira; Piovezan, Ubiratan; Barcos, Umberto Cotrim; Onofrio, Valeria Castilho; Martin-Albarracin, Valeria L.; Towns, Valeria; Araújo, Valquíria Cabral; Kanaan, Vanessa; Daga, Vanessa Salete; Boere, Vanner; de Araujo, Verônica Parente Gomes; Benitez, Verónica Victoria; Leandro-Silva, Victor; Geraldi, Vilma Clarice; Alberici, Vinicius; Bastazini, Vinícius Augusto Galvão; Gasparotto, Vinícius Peron de Oliveira; Orsini, Vinícius Santana; da Silva, Virgínia Santiago; Rojas Bonzi, Viviana; Pereira, Vinicius José Alves; Layme, Viviane Maria Guedes; Duarte da Silva, Victor Hugo; Tomas, Walfrido Moraes; Moreira, Thamy De Almeida; Martins, Waldney Pereira; de Moraes Pires, Walna Micaelle; Hannibal, Wellington; Dáttilo, Wesley; Mottin, Viviane; Endo, Whaldener; Bercê, William [UNESP]; Carvalho, William Douglas; Magnusson, William; Akkawi, Paula [UNESP]; Di Blanco, Yamil; Amaral, Paulo Roberto; Ramos, Yan Gabriel Celli; Rodríguez-Calderón, Yenifer G.; Mendes, Yuri Raia; Ribeiro, Yuri Geraldo Gomes; Campos, Zilca; Galetti, Mauro [UNESP]; Ribeiro, Milton Cezar [UNESP]; Universidade Federal de Lavras (UFLA); Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia; Universidade Federal de Goiás (UFG); Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp); Universidade Federal de Sergipe (UFS); Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF); Universidade Federal do Rio de; Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto Universidade; Universidade Federal; Amplo Engenharia e Gestão de Projetos Ltda; Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária (EMBRAPA); IMIBIO-CONICET; Rua das Araras; Universidade Estadual de Londrina (UEL); Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ); de Ciencia y Tecnología; del Fuego (UNTDF) & Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET); Research Institute and Conservation of Anteater of Brazil–ANTEATER PROJECT; Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS); Transmissíveis na Amazônia; Amazonian Mammals Research Group (AMRG); Universidade de São Paulo (USP); Grupo Biodiversidad y Ecología de la Conservación; Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro; Universidade Federal de São Carlos (UFSCar); IBAMA; Universidade Federal da Integração Latino-Americana; Instituto Florestal; Núcleo de Ciências Ambientais - Universidade de Mogi das Cruzes; Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE); College of Environmental Science and Forestry State University of New York; Ohio University; Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz; Centro de Investigación Biodiversidad Sostenible–BioS; Yale University; Asociación Regional de Silvicultores de Pátzcuaro–Tierra Caliente A.C.; Universidade Vila Velha; Instituto SerraDiCal de Pesquisa e Conservação; Universidade Santo Amaro; Universidad Nacional de Luján-CONICET; Universidad Nacional de San Luis; Universidade Federal do Pará (UFPA); Universidade de Brasília (UnB); Biodiversidade e Conservação (PPGGBC); Fundação Oswaldo Cruz–FIOCRUZ; Universidade de Passo Fundo; Universidade Estadual do Maranhão; Florida International University; Jaguar Conservation Fund; Chinese Academy of Sciences; 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    Biological invasion is one of the main threats to native biodiversity. For a species to become invasive, it must be voluntarily or involuntarily introduced by humans into a nonnative habitat. Mammals were among first taxa to be introduced worldwide for game, meat, and labor, yet the number of species introduced in the Neotropics remains unknown. In this data set, we make available occurrence and abundance data on mammal species that (1) transposed a geographical barrier and (2) were voluntarily or involuntarily introduced by humans into the Neotropics. Our data set is composed of 73,738 historical and current georeferenced records on alien mammal species of which around 96% correspond to occurrence data on 77 species belonging to eight orders and 26 families. Data cover 26 continental countries in the Neotropics, ranging from Mexico and its frontier regions (southern Florida and coastal-central Florida in the southeast United States) to Argentina, Paraguay, Chile, and Uruguay, and the 13 countries of Caribbean islands. Our data set also includes neotropical species (e.g., Callithrix sp., Myocastor coypus, Nasua nasua) considered alien in particular areas of Neotropics. The most numerous species in terms of records are from Bos sp. (n = 37,782), Sus scrofa (n = 6,730), and Canis familiaris (n = 10,084); 17 species were represented by only one record (e.g., Syncerus caffer, Cervus timorensis, Cervus unicolor, Canis latrans). Primates have the highest number of species in the data set (n = 20 species), partly because of uncertainties regarding taxonomic identification of the genera Callithrix, which includes the species Callithrix aurita, Callithrix flaviceps, Callithrix geoffroyi, Callithrix jacchus, Callithrix kuhlii, Callithrix penicillata, and their hybrids. This unique data set will be a valuable source of information on invasion risk assessments, biodiversity redistribution and conservation-related research. There are no copyright restrictions. Please cite this data paper when using the data in publications. We also request that researchers and teachers inform us on how they are using the data.
  • ItemArtigo
    The new Northwest Railway of Brazil (NOB) railway station in Bauru, an architectonic and political symbol of a strategic railway
    (Univ Estadual Paulista-unesp, Fac Ciencias Letras Assis, 2020-01-01) Ghirardello, Nilson [UNESP]; Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp)
    The Northwest Railway of Brazil - NOB, built after 1905, constituted itself as a peculiar railway in relation to the others dedicated to coffee in Sao Paulo. It had an ambitious strategic purpose forged during the Empire, reduced in the Old Republic, however, vigorously resumed with the 1930 Revolution. Since then, the NOB, with ample resources, renewed administration and major works, will once again be one of the government's instruments to position itself strategically in South America. The main objective of this work; from a history of NOB and Brazilian railway constructions; is to show how the company's designs, during the Estado Novo, are physically expressed in the new headquarters station in Bauru. The architectural ensemble should reflect this path, expressed, above all, in the avant-garde reinforced concrete roof of the station, made entirely with national inputs and revolutionary for the time, symbol of the government's geopolitical strategy on the eve of the Second World War.
  • ItemArtigo
    Urban expansion and open spaces: dynamics, influences and conflicts in the conformation of the landscape of the South Zone of Bauru-SP
    (Fiam-faam Centro Univ, 2019-01-01) Rossi, Mariana [UNESP]; Mattos, Karina Andrade [UNESP]; Truppel Constantino, Norma Regina [UNESP]; Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp)
    Over the last decades, new dynamics of urban landscape production and transformation have influenced on the character of their open spaces. Processes such as the fragmentation and the dispersion of the urban fabric, which include the fast proliferation of gated communities, have contributed to the increase of insecurity and abandonment of the free access open spaces, damaging the social dynamics of public character. This paper aims to highlight the benefits that these spaces could provide for the city if, instead of being treated as isolated fragments, they were thought of as a system, that is, as a set of elements integrated with the urban planning strategies. From the results of a research carried out in the city of Bauru-SP, are analyzed the transformations that open spaces have been suffering owing to the new forms of organization of the urban fabric with tendencies to privatization, especially in recent urban sprawl areas.