Acute oral erythematous candidosis
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Acute erythematous candidiasis (EC) is cited as the most frequent clinical manifestation among AIDS patients, after pseudomembranous form. Among HIV-positive patients, it was reported as the most commonly observed oromucosal lesion. Higher prevalence of this condition was observed in patients with CD4/CD8 ratio <0.30 and CD4 levels ≤ 200 cells/ mm. Based on these evidences, the presence of EC has been suggested as a marker to diagnose the immune status of HIV-infected individuals.