Emission properties related to distinct phases of sol-gel dip-coating titanium dioxide, and carrier photo-excitation in different energy ranges
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Titanium dioxide (TiO2) in the form of pellets (pressed powder) and thin films are investigated, revealing the presence of distinct phases: mainly anatase and rutile. Characterization of optical, structural and electrical properties were carried out on samples submitted to different sort of thermal annealing (TA), at distinct temperatures, 500 and 1000°C, due to their influence on the obtained phases. TA temperature along with pressure application for sample conformation, determine the bands present in the photoluminescence (PL) spectra, being about 550nm, characteristic of anatase phase and 800nm, related to the presence of rutile phase. The bandgap of thin films is determined from optical absorbance data, yielding 3.4eV for anatase phase (indirect transition), and 2.9eV for rutile phase (direct transition). Besides, irradiation with monochromatic light strongly affects the thin film conductivity, but the energy range (above or below the bandgap energy) does not seem to affect the behavior, which is associated with the excitation of intrabandgap states or crystallites belonging to phases with distinct bandgaps.