Implant stability after sinus floor augmentation with deproteinized bovine bone mineral particles of different sizes: a prospective, randomized and controlled split-mouth clinical trial
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The aim of this study was to compare implant stability after maxillary sinus floor augmentation using small- or large-sized particles of Bio-Oss. Ten partially edentulous patients requiring bilateral maxillary sinus floor augmentation were enrolled. The subjects were assigned randomly to one of two experimental groups: maxillary sinus was filled with 0.25–1 mm particle size (small particles) and the contralateral side was filled with 1–2 mm particle size (large particles). After 8 months, a total of 25 implants were placed in the two maxillary sinuses. Primary implant stability was measured immediately after implant placement (T0) using a torque controller and resonance frequency analysis (RFA). Six months after implant placement (T1), the implant stability was measured again. There were no postoperative complications in either particle size group, and the success rate for implant survival was 100%. All implants showed good primary stability as evidenced by high torque for the implant insertion in both groups. RFA revealed high ISQ values for all implants installed in both groups at T0 and T1. These results indicate that the size of the Bio-Oss particles (small and large) did not influence implant stability in the maxillary sinus. Indeed, small and large particles of Bio-Oss presented optimal properties, supporting their possible use as osteoconductive grafts.