Considerations about death and memory of the Emperor Julian in the testimonies of Libanius and Ammianus Marcellinus. (Fourth Century A.D.)
Considerações sobre memória e morte do Imperador Juliano nos testemunhos de libânio e Amiano Marcelino (Século IV D.C.)
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Among the many topics regarding the emperor Julian, the subject of his death has caught our attention. Many authors of the Late Antiquity, Christians or not, provided many versions about such event. The sophist Libanius and the serviceman Ammianus Marcellinus registered relevant scenes of the Prince's death, wrote their texts at the same period, were antiochenes and probably communicated. However, their narratives about Julian's death differ. Therefore, our goal is to analyze the many deaths of Emperor Julian presented in the testimonies of Libanius, as well as perform the comparison of these reports with the testimony of Ammianus Marcellinus about the same subject. The comparison will serve for us to have a better understanding about the way that the sophist and the serviceman built a virtuous memory of this Emperor, turning the death of that Prince into a living memory. We add that both authors wrote their texts in Emperor Theodosius I's period. Ergo, we have a hypothesis that the many versions about Julian's death are related to events that permeate the timing of the writing of the death, thus the authors make the memory alive about Julian through the many reports about the mournful event.