Teaching software quality via source code inspection tool
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Software Quality Assurance is a sub-process that ensures that developed software meets and complies with defined or standardized quality specifications. Focusing on source code, there are characteristics that can be used to evaluate the quality. Introductory courses must encourage freshmen students to improve internal quality of their source code, but only as sophomore they have contact with Software Engineering concepts, including Quality Assurance. In this paper we present a tool to source code quality evaluation aimed at supporting students to improve their source code and, consequently, their programming skills. The proposed tool uses quality reports (available to professional environment integrate with software repositories) to analyze students' source code and provide a feedback about the student coding. The proposed tool run locally, with few computational resources. In addition, we proposed the methodology to use the proposed tool: it consists of challenging students to perform a set of maintenance tasks in a controlled environment. We prepared a source code by introducing common defects, what decreases the quality of source code, and ask to students to perform maintenance tasks in order to both eliminate the introduced defects and introduce new features. After each modification, the students must evaluate their code using the proposed tool to obtain a feedback about quality of source code. To evaluate the approach and the tool, we created a survey and applied to students and the teacher. As a result, we show the benefits of using the proposed tool to both teachers and students perspectives. The results are positive to enhance the teaching-learning Software Quality Assurance to Software Engineering students.