Phylogenetic signal in the circadian rhythm of morphologically convergent species of Neotropical deer
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Deer species included in the genus Mazama descend from two different clades that experienced a strong evolutionary convergence in morphology and behaviour when they adapted to Neotropical forests. We would expect that circadian activity rhythms also converged according to habitat features or responded to temporal niche segregation in sympatric species. We used camera trapping in four study areas, representing three main biomes in Brazil, together with data taken from the literature, to analyse activity patterns of five Mazama species in four biomes in South America. Our results show that clade assignment was the main predictor of diurnal versus nocturnal activity, thus suggesting a phylogenetic constraint rather than any other ecological influence on circadian activity. We discuss how the evolutionary history of both lineages may have influenced their activity patterns.
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Pinho, Sheila Zambello de ; Oliveira, José Brás Barreto de ; Gazola, Rodrigo José Cristiano ; Mazotti, Adriano César ; Molero, Camila Schimite ; Mendes, Carolina Borghi ; Mello, Denise Fernandes de ; Marques, Emilia de Mendonça Rosa ; Talamoni, Jandira Liria Biscalquini ; Silva, José Humberto Dias da et al. (Coleção PROGRAD (UNESP), 2011) [Livro]
Pinho, Sheila Zambello de ; Oliveira, José Brás Barreto de ; Pontes, Sueli Rodrigues ; Almeida, Djanira Soares de Oliveira e ; Godoy, Kathya Maria Ayres de ; Rosa, Claudia de Souza ; Nunes, Julianus Araújo ; Salvador, Sérgio Azevedo ; David, Célia Maria ; Vilche Peña, Angel Fidel et al. (Coleção PROGRAD (UNESP), 2011) [Livro]
Pinho, Sheila Zambello de ; Spazziani, Maria de Lourdes ; Mendonça, Sueli Guadelupe de Lima ; Rubo, Elisabete Aparecida Andrello ; Villarreal, Dalva Maria de Oliveira ; Duarte, Camila ; Okamoto, Mary Yoko ; Souza, Thais R. ; Garms, Gilza Maria Zauhy ; Marin, Fátima Aparecida Dias Gomes et al. (Coleção PROGRAD (UNESP), 2012) [Livro]