Coorbital capture at arbitrary inclination
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The process of capture in the coorbital region of a solar system planet is studied. Absolute capture likelihood in the 1:1 resonance is determined by randomly constructed statistical ensembles numbering 7.24 × 10 5 of massless asteroids that are set to migrate radially from the outer to the inner boundaries of the coorbital region of a Jupiter-mass planet. Orbital states include coorbital capture, ejection, collisions with the Sun and the planet and free-crossing of the coorbital region. The relative efficiency of retrograde capture with respect to prograde capture is confirmed as an intrinsic property of the coorbital resonance. Half the asteroids cross the coorbital region regardless of eccentricity and for any inclination less than 120 ∘. We also find that the recently discovered retrograde coorbital of Jupiter, asteroid 2015 BZ509, lies almost exactly at the capture efficiency peak associated with its orbital parameters.