Wild Leporinus friderici induced spawning with different dose of mGnRHa and metoclopramide or carp pituitary extract
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Breeding technology is of utmost importance for reproduction of wild fish in captivity for the reintroduction and selective breeding programs purposes. The main challenge is that when applied to wild undomesticated specimens, conventional protocols often cause breeders and/or embryo mortality and spawning failure. In this study, we evaluated the reproductive performance of wild Leporinus friderici, a great importance fish for subsistence fishing in South American rivers, applying conventional and lower-dose hormonal therapies by means of two consecutive experiments. In the first, a conventional (0.5 and 5.5 mg/kg) and a lower carp pituitary extract (CPE) dose (0.5 and 1.0 mg/kg) were applied. In the second, a conventional mammalian GnRH analogue associated with metoclopramide (mGnRHa + MET) (40 mu g mGnRHa + 20 mg MET/kg) and a lower dose (4 mu g mGnRHa + 2 mg MET/kg and 8 mu g + 4 mg of mGnRHa + MET/kg) were applied. Ovulation was observed in all treatments, however, only lower CPE protocol provided viable embryos. High levels of 17 alpha,20 beta-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one (DHP) and 17 beta estradiol (E-2) detected in conventional, but not in lower CPE dose, at ovulation, might be associated to the mortality of the embryos. The use of lower CPE dose applied here was the best way to obtain L. friderici viable embryos. These results directly contribute to the knowledge about poorly explored effects of reproductive management and hormonal therapies in wild-type breeders, showing that the use of reduced doses may be an alternative to reproductive success.