Effect of post-emergence applications of imazapyr and imazapic on the growth and grain yield of AHAS-transgene soybean plants
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One of the factors that limit grain yield in soybean crops is weed competition. The objective of the present work was to evaluate the agronomic performance of an AHAS-transgene soybean cultivar (BRS 397; Cultivance®) subjected to different rates of Soyvance® (525 g kg-1 imazapyr, and 175 g kg-1 imazapic). Two field experiments were conducted in the 2015-2016 crop season in two sites with different soil and weather characteristics located in the state of Paraná, Brazil. A completely randomized block design was used, with 11 treatments consisted of different rates of Soyvance®. Phytotoxicity, chlorophyll index, first pod height, plant height, number of pods per plant, 100-seed weight, and grain yield were evaluated. The use of high rates of the herbicide decreased the final height and grain yield of soybean plants in approximately 25% in both locations, but did not affect their 100-seed weight and chlorophyll index. The use of rates of the commercial product higher than that recommended by the manufacturer (100 g ha-1) may affect the agronomic performance of AHAS-transgene soybean plants.