Synchronization of stage of follicle development before OPU improves embryo production in cows with large antral follicle counts
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In the present study, there was an evaluation of in vitro embryo production (IVEP) in Bos indicus donor cows with small or large antral follicle counts (AFCs) when there was synchronization of follicular dynamics among cows before ovum pick-up (OPU). Donor cows classified as having small or large AFC were submitted to OPU/IVEP program (Experiment-I) or had follicular-stage synchronization imposed before OPU/IVEP (Experiment-II). In Experiment-I, the cows with a large AFC had a greater (P < 0.01) mean of embryos developing to the blastocyst stage compared to those with a small AFC. In Experiment-II, percentage of viable oocytes/OPU were not affected (P = 0.33) by synchronization of follicular dynamics, but the AFC had an effect (P < 0.0001). There was an interaction (P = 0.01) indicating the larger AFC, with or without imposing of a synchronization treatment regimen, resulted in the most desirable outcome. The number of embryos was affected (P < 0.001) by follicular-stage synchronization and AFC, with there being an interaction (P = 0.002) with the most desirable results for the large AFC-synchronized group. Number of pregnancies was greater (P ≤ 0.02) for recipient females with embryos from synchronized donors and with a large AFC. There was an interaction (P = 0.03) with there being a greater pregnancy percentage for cows with synchronized follicular stages and the large AFC. Bos indicus donor with a large AFC when associated with the synchronization of stage of follicular dynamics pre-OPU results in improvement of the efficacy of IVEP.