Energy expenditure of Saanen and Anglo-Nubian goats at different temperatures
MetadataShow full item record
This study aimed to determine the effect of temperature on energy balance of Saanen and Anglo-Nubian goats, using indirect open circuit respirometry. Six non-lactating and non-pregnant Saanen goats (initial body weight [BW] of 53.7 ± 7.7 kg) and Anglo-Nubian goats (initial BW of 56.4 ± 8.0 kg) were randomly assigned to three groups. Each group was allocated in climatic rooms and randomly assigned to three different room temperatures (treatments) in three 28-d periods, including 20 days for adaptation and eight days for measurements. Treatments consisted of three controlled room temperatures: 10 °C ± 0.23 and 88.10 % ± 0.99 relative humidity (RH), 20 °C ± 0.41 and 80.75 % ± 4.13 RH, and 35 °C ± 1.05 and 45.58 % ± 5.07 RH. Within each 8-day period, metabolism trial and gaseous exchange measurements were performed for five days (from day 21 to day 25). After day 25, goats were subjected to 60-h fasting, with subsequent gas exchange measurement to estimate fast heat production (FHP). Irrespective of breed, the dry matter intake (DMI) and the organic matter intake (OMI) decreased linearly as the temperature increased from 10 to 35 °C. Apparent digestibility of the nutrients showed the lowest values at 20 °C. Respiratory rate (RR) and respiratory volume increased with increasing ambient temperature. At 35 °C, methane production of Saanen goats was higher than Anglo-Nubian goats, and metabolizable energy (ME) and metabolizability (q) of Saanen goats were lower than Anglo-Nubian goats. The daily FHP above 20 °C decreased 8.7 kJ/kg0.75 BW for each degree as the temperature increased up to 35 °C, and below 20 °C decreased 5.4 kJ/kg0.75 BW as the temperature decreased up to 10 °C. Both breeds can maintain homeostasis in ambient temperature between 10 and 35 °C; however, Anglo-Nubian goats seem to cope better in adverse conditions of heat than Saanen goats.
How to cite this document
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Pinho, Sheila Zambello de ; Oliveira, José Brás Barreto de ; Gazola, Rodrigo José Cristiano ; Mazotti, Adriano César ; Molero, Camila Schimite ; Mendes, Carolina Borghi ; Mello, Denise Fernandes de ; Marques, Emilia de Mendonça Rosa ; Talamoni, Jandira Liria Biscalquini ; Silva, José Humberto Dias da et al. (Coleção PROGRAD (UNESP), 2011) [Livro]
Pinho, Sheila Zambello de ; Oliveira, José Brás Barreto de ; Pontes, Sueli Rodrigues ; Almeida, Djanira Soares de Oliveira e ; Godoy, Kathya Maria Ayres de ; Rosa, Claudia de Souza ; Nunes, Julianus Araújo ; Salvador, Sérgio Azevedo ; David, Célia Maria ; Vilche Peña, Angel Fidel et al. (Coleção PROGRAD (UNESP), 2011) [Livro]
Pinho, Sheila Zambello de ; Spazziani, Maria de Lourdes ; Mendonça, Sueli Guadelupe de Lima ; Rubo, Elisabete Aparecida Andrello ; Villarreal, Dalva Maria de Oliveira ; Duarte, Camila ; Okamoto, Mary Yoko ; Souza, Thais R. ; Garms, Gilza Maria Zauhy ; Marin, Fátima Aparecida Dias Gomes et al. (Coleção PROGRAD (UNESP), 2012) [Livro]