Detection of estrous behavior in buffalo heifers by radiotelemetry following PGF2α administration during the early or late luteal phase
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This study examined the usefulness of radiotelemetry for estrous detection in buffalo heifers and the impact of prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α) administration during the early or late luteal phase on estrous behavior and ovulatory follicle variables. Induction of estrus with PGF2α at a random stage of the estrous cycle was followed by the arbitrary division of heifers into groups receiving a second dose of PGF2α during either the early (n=33) or late (n=17) luteal phase (6-9 or 11-14 days after estrus, respectively) for the induction of synchronized estrus. The electronic detection of synchronized estrus by radiotelemetry was confirmed using ultrasonography every 6h until ovulation. Radiotelemetry was 90% efficient and 100% accurate for estrous detection. Intervals between the PGF2α dose and the beginning of synchronized estrus (40.7±10.9 vs. 56.7±12.8h) or ovulation (70.0±11.3 vs. 85.6±12.5h) were shorter (P<0.05) for heifers receiving PGF2α during the early luteal phase. PGF2α administration during the early or late luteal phase produced similar (P>0.05) results for the duration of estrus, the intervals from the beginning or end of estrus to ovulation, the number and duration of mounts per estrus, the duration of mounts, the diameter of the ovulatory follicle and the luteal profile on day 5 after estrus. In conclusion, radiotelemetry was a suitable tool for the efficient and accurate detection of estrus in buffalo heifers. Treatment with PGF2α during the early luteal phase had a shorter interval to synchronized estrus and ovulation; however, estrous behavior, ovulatory follicle dynamics and subsequent luteal activity were similar following PGF2α administration during the early or late luteal phase. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.