Crescimento e marcha de acúmulo de nutrientes em plantas de beterraba cultivadas em sistema hidropônico
Alternative titleGrowth and nutrient absorption by beet grown in hydroponic system
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The production of beet root have achieved higher levels on the national market, mainly in open field and soil exploitation however the hidroponic production technique is just at its begining regarding the nutritional aspects. This way, this study aimed to evaluate the growth and nutrient uptake by the beet root cultivar Tall Top Early Wonder, grown in hydroponic conditions. The experimental design was the completely randomized blocks with six treatments consisting of the sampling dates: 15, 25, 35, 45, 55 and 65 days after transplanting (DAT) and five replications. Beet seedlings were transplanted into 5 dm 3 vessels prepared with coconut fiber substrate and irrigated constantly with nutritious solution (Hoagland and Arnon) and after been conducted to the UNESP greenhouses in Câmpus of Jaboticabal in April/2007, into vases. During the experimental period, it was evaluated plant growth and leaf, dry mass root and tuberous roots and the macro and micronutrients uptaken by plants. The dry matter accumulation by tuberous roots cultivar Tall Top Early Wonder was relatively fast, with predominance of biomass allocation in the tuberous root (55%) against the leaves (43%) and roots (2%). The higher nutritional requirements for beet root were K, N and P as macronutrient and Mn, Zn and Fe for the micronutrients. The nitrogen, potassium and manganese absorption by beet root is rapid, being high from the 15 days after transplant. The decreasing order of the nutrients accumulated by the beet root was: K, N, P, Mg, Ca and S for the macronutrients and Mn, Zn, Fe, B and Cu for the micronutrients.