Effects of processing on physical characteristics of diets with distinct levels of carbohydrates and lipids: the outcomes on the growth of pacu (Piaractus mesopotamicus)
Data de publicação2010-02-01
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The use efficiency and feed conversion of extruded and pelletized diets were compared. Eight isoproteic diets (220 g kg-1 digestible protein) were assayed for 90 days in a 2 x 2 x 2 multifactorial design with two carbohydrate levels (400 and 500 g kg-1), two lipids levels (40 and 80 g kg-1) and two diet processing (pelletization and extrusion) with three repetitions. The growth of Piaractus mesopotamicus fed with these diets and the quality control indices of diets were gauged. The density of extruded diets was lower as carbohydrate level was 400 g kg-1 and lipid 40 g kg-1. The interaction carbohydrate and diet processing presented higher leaching value for low carbohydrate level in extruded diet. Fish fed with extruded diets presented the best feed conversion and protein efficiency ratio. When high levels of carbohydrate and lipid are combined, the weight gain is impaired. The interaction between diet processing diet and lipid levels resulted in the best fish performance when pelletized diets with 40 g kg-1 lipid or extruded diets with 80 g kg-1 lipid were considered. The protein efficiency ratio increased with the increment of carbohydrates in the pelletized diets. The fish show low tolerance to lipids and a preference for carbohydrate when the lipid productive values are taken into account.