Energy and fat intake are not associated with abdominal adiposity
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Background and objective: Central or abdominal obesity (AA) is a highly prevalent determinant of the metabolic syndrome and its control requires intervention strategies. This study investigated the risk factors associated with the presence of AA in hospitalized individuals. Patients and methods: A total of 1626patients were studied. The investigated risk factors possibly associated with AA were gender, age, body mass index (BMI), habitual energy intake (HEI) and fat intake (FI). AA was determined by waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR). The chi2, Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis tests were used to compare the data and univariate and multiple logistic regressions were used to identify the predictive factors of AA. Results: Women were at higher risk of developing AA than men (P. <. 0.0001). The HEI and FI of individuals with and without AA and of women and men were not significantly different. According to multivariate analysis, HEI was not a predictive factor of AA, contrary to gender and age. The risk factors for AA, determined by WC, were gender (OR. = 6.8; CI. = 5.3-8.7) and age (OR. = 1.0; CI. = 1.0-1.0). Women were six times more likely to develop AA than men. Conclusions: Evidence of an association between AA and HEI or FI was not found, but gender and age were associated with AA. © 2013 Elsevier Masson SAS.