Color Stability of Resin Used for Caries Infiltration After Exposure to Different Staining Solutions

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Borges, A. B. [UNESP]
Caneppele, T. M. F. [UNESP]
Luz, M. [UNESP]
Pucci, C. R. [UNESP]
Torres, C. R. G. [UNESP]

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Operative Dentistry Inc


Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the staining behavior of demineralized enamel infiltrated by low-viscosity resin.Methods and Materials: Bovine enamel/dentin cylindrical samples (3 x 2 mm) were assigned into four groups (n=45) according to the enamel treatment: sound enamel (control), demineralization + artificial saliva, demineralization + daily application of 0.05% NaF, demineralization + resin infiltration (Icon, DMG). Artificial white spot lesions were produced in groups with demineralization. After the treatments, color was assessed by spectrophotometry, using the CIE L*a*b* system. The specimens (n=15) were then immersed in deionized water, red wine, or coffee for 10 minutes daily for eight days. Color was measured again, and the specimens were repolished with sandpaper discs. The final color was assessed. Data Were analyzed by two-way analysis of variance and Tukey tests (alpha=0.05). A paired t-test was used for comparison between staining and repolishing conditions.Results: There were significant differences for surface treatment and dye after staining and repolishing. Immersion in wine and coffee resulted in significantly increased color alteration (Delta E) compared with water (p=0.001). The resin-infiltrated group exhibited the highest staining values (p=0.001). The repolishing procedures resulted in significantly decreased color change.Conclusion: The exposure of specimens to colored solutions resulted in significant color alteration. The demineralized enamel treated with resin infiltration showed significantly higher staining than all other tested groups; however, the repolishing of the specimens minimized the staining effect.



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Operative Dentistry. Indianapolis: Operative Dentistry Inc, v. 39, n. 4, p. 433-440, 2014.