Genetic and Chromosomal Differentiation of Rhamdia quelen (Siluriformes, Heptapteridae) Revealed by Repetitive Molecular Markers and DNA Barcoding

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Usso, Mariana Campaner
Santos, Angelica Rossotti dos
Gouveia, Juceli Gonzalez
Frantine-Silva, Wilson
Araya-Jaime, Cristian [UNESP]
Marques de Oliveira, Maria Ligia [UNESP]
Foresti, Fausto [UNESP]
Giuliano-Caetano, Lucia
Dias, Ana Lucia
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Mary Ann Liebert, Inc
Rhamdia quelen, a species of Heptapteridae, is considered to be a complex because of taxonomic and phylogenetic inconsistencies. Determining the physical location of repetitive DNA sequences on the chromosomes and the DNA barcode might increase our understanding of these inconsistencies within different groups of fish. To this end, we analyzed R. quelen populations from two river basins in Brazil, Paraguay and Parana, using DNA barcoding and different chromosomal markers, including U2 snDNA, which has never been analyzed for any Rhamdia species. Cytochrome c oxidase I gene sequence analysis revealed a significant differentiation among populations from the Miranda and Quexada rivers, with genetic distances compatible to those found among different species in neotropical fishes. Our results, in general, revealed a conservative chromosomal evolution in R. quelen and a differential distribution of some markers, such as 5S rDNA and U2 snDNA, in different populations. We suggest that R. quelen must undergo a major revision in its morphological, genetic, and cytogenetic molecular and taxonomic structure to elucidate possible operational taxonomic units.
cytochrome c oxidase I, multigene family, repetitive DNA, species complex, U2 snDNA
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Zebrafish. New Rochelle: Mary Ann Liebert, Inc, 11 p., 2018.