Accessible ring opening metathesis and atom transfer radical polymerization catalysts based on dimethyl sulfoxide ruthenium(II) complexes bearing N-heterocyclic carbene ligands

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Idehara, André H.S. [UNESP]
Gois, Patrik D.S. [UNESP]
Fernandez, Henrique
Goi, Beatriz E. [UNESP]
Machado, Antonio E.H.
Lima-Neto, Benedito S.
Carvalho, Valdemiro P. [UNESP]
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Dimethyl sulfoxide ruthenium(II) complexes of N-heterocyclic carbenes derived from cycloalkylamines (cycloalkyl = cyclopentyl (1a), cyclohexyl (1b), cycloheptyl (1c), and cyclooctyl (1d)) were synthesized: [RuCl2(S-dmso)2(IPent)] (2a), [RuCl2(S-dmso)2(IHex)] (2b), [RuCl2(S-dmso)2(IHept)] (2c), and [RuCl2(S-dmso)2(IOct)] (2d). The imidazolium salts 1a-1d were characterized by FTIR, UV–vis, and 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy, while their respective dimethyl sulfoxide ruthenium(II) complexes (2a-2d) were characterized by elemental analysis, FTIR, UV–vis, 1H and 13C NMR, and cyclic voltammetry. The complexes 2a-2d were evaluated as catalytic precursors for ROMP of norbornene (NBE) and for ATRP of methyl methacrylate (MMA). The polynorbornene (polyNBE) syntheses via ROMP using the complexes 2a-2d as pre-catalysts were evaluated under reaction conditions of [EDA]/[Ru] = 28 (5 μL), [NBE]/[Ru] = 5000 at 50 °C as a function of time. The polymerization of MMA via ATRP was conducted using the complexes 2a-2d in the presence of ethyl 2-bromoisobutyrate (EBiB) as the initiator. All tests were using the molar ratio [MMA]/[EBiB]/[Ru] = 1000/2/1 and conducted at 85 °C. The linear correlation of ln([MMA]0/[MMA]) and time clearly indicates that the concentration of radicals remains constant during the polymerization and that the ATRP of MMA mediated by 2a-2d proceeds in a controlled manner.
ATRP, Methyl methacrylate, Norbornene, ROMP, Ruthenium complexes
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Molecular Catalysis, v. 448, p. 135-143.