Cytogenetic and molecular characteristics of potamotrygon motoro and potamotrygon sp. (chondrichthyes, myliobatiformes, potamotrygonidae) from the amazon basin: Implications for the taxonomy of the genus

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da Cruz, Vanessa Paes [UNESP]
Nobile, Maria Ligia Oliveira [UNESP]
Paim, Fabilene Gomes [UNESP]
Adachi, Aisni Mayumi Correia de Lima [UNESP]
Ribeiro, Giovana da Silva [UNESP]
Ferreira, Daniela Carvalho
Pansonato-Alves, José Carlos [UNESP]
Charvet, Patrícia
Oliveira, Claudio [UNESP]
Foresti, Fausto [UNESP]

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The chromosomes of two freshwater stingrays, Potamotrygon motoro and Potamotrygon sp., from the Amazon River basin in Brazil were investigated using integrated molecular (cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1) and cytogenetic analyses. Potamotrygon motoro presented intraspecific variation in the diploid number, with 2n=66 in the females and 2n=65 in the males, while Potamotrygon sp. had a karyotype with 66 chromosomes, in both sexes. The C-banding revealed the presence of heterochromatic blocks accumulated in the centromeric region of all the chromosomes in both species. The FISH assays with 18S DNA probes highlighted the terminal region of three or four chromosome pairs in P. motoro and seven chromosomes in Potamotrygon sp. The rDNA 5S sequences were found in only one chromosomal pair in both species. The interspecific genetic distance based on the COI sequences, between P. motoro and Potamotrygon sp. from Amazon River was 10.8%, while that between the Amazonian P. motoro and Potamotrygon amandae from the Paraná River was 2.2%, and the genetic distance between Potamotrygon sp. and P. amandae was 11.8%. In addition to the new insights on the cytogenetics of the study species, the results of the present study confirmed the existence of heteromorphic sex-linked chromosomes in P. motoro.



Biodiversit, DNA barcode, Fish chromosomes, Freshwater stingrays, Potamotrygon

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Genetics and Molecular Biology, v. 44, n. 2, 2021.