High-resolution thermal expansion measurements under helium-gas pressure

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Manna, Rudra Sekhar
Wolf, Bernd
De Souza, Mariano [UNESP]
Lang, Michael

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We report on the realization of a capacitive dilatometer, designed for high-resolution measurements of length changes of a material for temperatures 1.4K ≤ T ≤ 300K and hydrostatic pressure P ≤ 250MPa. Helium ( 4He) is used as a pressure-transmitting medium, ensuring hydrostatic-pressure conditions. Special emphasis has been given to guarantee, to a good approximation, constant-pressure conditions during temperature sweeps. The performance of the dilatometer is demonstrated by measurements of the coefficient of thermal expansion at pressures P ≃ 0.1MPa (ambient pressure) and 104MPa on a single crystal of azurite, Cu 3(CO 3) 2(OH) 2, a quasi-one-dimensional spin S = 1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet. The results indicate a strong effect of pressure on the magnetic interactions in this system. © 2012 American Institute of Physics.



Ambient pressures, Constant-pressure conditions, Effect of pressure, Heisenberg antiferromagnets, High resolution, High-resolution measurements, Magnetic interactions, Pressure transmitting mediums, Quasi-one-dimensional, Thermal expansion measurements, Helium, Hydrostatic pressure, Dilatometers

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Review of Scientific Instruments, v. 83, n. 8, 2012.