Oral narrative of individuals with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder

dc.contributor.authorGanthous, Giulia [UNESP]
dc.contributor.authorRossi, Natalia Freitas [UNESP]
dc.contributor.authorGiacheti, Célia Maria [UNESP]
dc.contributor.institutionUniversidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp)
dc.contributor.institutionUniversidade Federal de São Carlos (UFSCar)
dc.date.accessioned2018-12-11T17:33:43Z
dc.date.available2018-12-11T17:33:43Z
dc.date.issued2017-01-01
dc.description.abstractPurpose: To investigate and compare the oral narrative of individuals with FASD and individuals with typical language development (TLD), as well as to correlate the narrative performance with the score from 4-Digit Diagnostic Code. Methods: Participants were 20 individuals with FASD, of both genders, with chronological age between 6 and 16 years, and 20 individuals with TLD, same gender and similar to the FASD group in age and socioeconomic status. The oral narrative was elicited using the book Frog, where are you? and the data were analyzed in terms of macrostructure, microstructure and global coherence level. Measures regarding the macrostructure included the presence of typical structural elements of storytelling, while the microstructural aspects included words (total and different words), communication units (C-Units), lexical diversity, and mean length of C-Units. Results: Low performance was found in the FASD group for all macrostructural aspects, with the exception of linguistic markers. Among the microstructural aspects, lexical diversity and incomplete C-Units were different between the FASD and TLD groups. The FASD group presented lower global coherence level compared to the TLD group. Negative correlations were found between macrostructural aspects, facial characteristics, and Central Nervous System impairment. Conclusion: Restricted use of typical structural elements of storytelling with lower levels of coherence and reduced vocabulary distinguished the FASD from the TDL group. Future studies may explore whether the association between narrative performance and the 4-Digit Diagnostic Code items present predictive values in the narrative performance of individuals with FASD.en
dc.description.affiliationUniversidade Estadual Paulista - UNESP
dc.description.affiliationInstituto Nacional de Ciencia e Tecnologia sobre Comportamento Cognicao e Ensino - INCT-ECCE Universidade Federal de São Carlos - UFSCar
dc.description.affiliationUnespUniversidade Estadual Paulista - UNESP
dc.identifierhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2317-1782/20172017012
dc.identifier.citationCODAS, v. 29, n. 4, 2017.
dc.identifier.doi10.1590/2317-1782/20172017012
dc.identifier.fileS2317-17822017000400308.pdf
dc.identifier.issn2317-1782
dc.identifier.scieloS2317-17822017000400308
dc.identifier.scopus2-s2.0-85027463435
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11449/179102
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofCODAS
dc.relation.ispartofsjr0,267
dc.rights.accessRightsAcesso aberto
dc.sourceScopus
dc.subjectFetal alcohol spectrum disorder
dc.subjectLanguage
dc.subjectLanguage and hearing sciences
dc.subjectLanguage development disorders
dc.subjectNarration
dc.subjectSpeech
dc.titleOral narrative of individuals with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorderen
dc.typeArtigo
unesp.author.lattes2331180822532901[3]
unesp.author.orcid0000-0001-9691-4672[3]

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