Hypotensive activity of Campomanesia xanthocarpa leaf extract: beyond angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockage

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2020-02-20

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Taylor & Francis Ltd

Resumo

The ability of Campomanesia xanthocarpa leaf extract (CXLE) to alter blood pressure and heart rate was evaluated in anesthetized rats. The CXLE-induced hypotension was evaluated before and after losartan, methylatropine, L-N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), hexamethonium, indomethacin, glibenclamide, or nifedipine administration. The constituents of CXLE were identified by LC-DAD-MS. CXLE decreased blood pressure in a dose-dependent manner; only the highest dose decreased heart rate. The hypotension induced by CXLE was sensitive only to losartan, nifedipine, and glibenclamide. L-NAME decreased the time to recover 50% of the hypotensive effect of CXLE without altering its magnitude. Flavan-3-ols, proanthocyanidins (dimers and trimers), and glycosylated flavonols were identified from CXLE. The chemical constituents of CXLE seem to induce not only angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockage, but also ATP-sensitive potassium channels activation and L-type voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels inactivation. Nitric oxide is involved in the maintenance of the hypotensive effect of CXLE.

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Cardiovascular, potassium channels, calcium channels, flavan-3-ols, proanthocyanidins, glycosylated flavonols

Como citar

Natural Product Research. Abingdon: Taylor & Francis Ltd, 5 p., 2020.