A Review of Current Knowledge of Zamiaceae, With Emphasis on Zamia From South America

dc.contributor.authorSegalla, Rosane [UNESP]
dc.contributor.authorTelles, Francismeire Jane
dc.contributor.authorPinheiro, Fábio
dc.contributor.authorMorellato, Patrícia [UNESP]
dc.contributor.institutionCiência e Tecnologia de Mato Grosso
dc.contributor.institutionUniversidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp)
dc.contributor.institutionUniversidade Federal de Uberlândia (UFU)
dc.contributor.institutionUniversidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP)
dc.description.abstractZamiaceae, a family of the ancient order Cycadales, is distributed throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of both the Old and New Worlds. Here, we present a systematic review of Zamiaceae with emphasis on Zamia species from South America. We aim to (a) establish the current knowledge, (b) identify research gaps, and (c) indicate directions for future studies, discussing ecology and conservation of South America species. The search recovered 508 papers, further classified into 11 research topics: taxonomy and systematics, morphology, biochemistry, genetics, phylogeography, population ecology, reproductive biology, ecological interactions, plant propagation, conservation, and reviews. The number of publications doubled in the 21st century, mostly focusing on genetics (n = 60), taxonomy and systematics (n = 52), morphology (n = 36), ecological interactions (n = 30), and an increasing interest in population ecology (n = 29) and conservation (n = 32). Studies are concentrated in North and Central America (54% of all studies) with just 6% (29) addressing South America species of Zamia. Overall, studies point out the key role of pollinators in promoting gene flow through pollen dispersal among populations of Zamiaceae. Therefore, investigate natural history, ecology, reproductive biology, genetic, and phylogeography, especially for South America species, are needed. Moreover, the implementation of in situ and ex situ collections and germplasm banks linked to botanical gardens are essential for the conservation and reestablishment of local populations of critically endangered Zamia species in South America. Concomitantly, we suggest studies modeling the distribution of Zamia species in future climate change scenarios.en
dc.description.affiliationInstituto Federal de Educação Ciência e Tecnologia de Mato Grosso
dc.description.affiliationDepartamento de Botânica Laboratório de Fenologia Instituto de Biociências Universidade Estadual Paulista UNESP
dc.description.affiliationPrograma de Pós-Graduação em Ecologia e Conservação de Recursos Naturais Universidade Federal de Uberlândia
dc.description.affiliationDepartamento de Biologia Vegetal Instituto de Biologia Universidade Estadual de Campinas
dc.description.affiliationUnespDepartamento de Botânica Laboratório de Fenologia Instituto de Biociências Universidade Estadual Paulista UNESP
dc.description.sponsorshipCoordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES)
dc.description.sponsorshipConselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)
dc.description.sponsorshipFundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
dc.identifier.citationTropical Conservation Science, v. 12.
dc.relation.ispartofTropical Conservation Science
dc.subjectcycad conservation
dc.subjectecological interactions
dc.subjectreproductive system
dc.subjectseed dispersal
dc.titleA Review of Current Knowledge of Zamiaceae, With Emphasis on Zamia From South Americaen