Potassium and Nitrogen Fertilization Effects on Jiggs Bermudagrass Herbage Accumulation, Roo Rhizome Mass, and Tissue Nutrient Concentration

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2017-12-01

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Alliance Crop Soil & Environmental Science Soc-acsess

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Adequate supply of potassium (K) is an important factor that can affect bermudagrass [Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.] production and persistence, particularly in soils with limited nutrient holding capacity. The objectives of this study were to (i) evaluate the effects of different nitrogen (N) and K fertilization strategies on Jiggs bermudagrass herbage accumulation (HA), root-rhizome mass, and K concentration and accumulation in above- and belowground tissue; and (ii) identify the critical minimum tissue K concentration below which bermudagrass HA is reduced. The experiment was conducted in a greenhouse at Ona, FL, from August to December, 2014 and 2015. Treatments were a factorial combination of three N (0,45, and 90 lb/acre) and four K2O fertilization levels (0, 18, 36, and 72 lb K2O/ acre, the equivalent of 0, 15, 30, and 60 lb K/acre) after every harvest, distributed in a completely randomized design with four replicates. Herbage was harvested every 6 weeks, and root and rhizome mass determined at the end of each year. There were no effects of K fertilization on HA and root-rhizome mass when no N was applied; however, Jiggs HA and root-rhizome biomass increased linearly with increasing K fertilization levels at 45 and 90 lb N/acre. For these N levels, HA increased with tissue K concentration up to 1.4%. Root and rhizome K concentrations decreased linearly with increasing levels of N. Conversely, root-rhizome K content increased with increasing levels of N fertilization. Potassium fertilization increased HA and root-rhizome mass of Jiggs bermudagrass; however, the responses were influenced by N fertilization levels.

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Crop Forage & Turfgrass Management. Madison: Alliance Crop Soil & Environmental Science Soc-acsess, v. 3, n. 1, 6 p., 2017.

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