Genetic determinants of methicillin resistance and virulence among Staphylococcus aureus isolates recovered from clinical and surveillance cultures in a Brazilian teaching hospital

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Rodrigues, Marcus Vinicius Pimenta [UNESP]
Fortaleza, Carlos Magno Castelo Branco
Souza, Camila Sena Martins
Teixeira, Natalia Bibiana
Cunha, Maria de Lourdes Ribeiro de Souza da
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Isrn Microbiology
Aims. To quantify the presence of SCCmec types and virulence genes among Staphylococcus aureus colonizing and infecting patients from a teaching hospital. Methods. We analyzed 225 and 84 S. aureus isolates recovered from surveillance and clinical cultures, respectively. Strains were studied for the presence and type of SCCmec, as well as for several virulence genes. Univariate and multivariable analysis were performed in order to identify predictors of invasiveness (defined as isolation from clinical cultures). Results. The presence of SCCmec types III (OR, 2.19, 95% CI, 1.08-4.45) and IV (OR, 5.28 95% CI, 1.35-20.63) and of genes coding for exfoliative toxin B (etb, OR, 6.38, 95% CI, 1.48-27.46) and Panton-Valentine leukocidin (pvl, OR, 2.38, 95% CI, 1.16-4.86) was independently associated with invasiveness. Conclusions. SCCmec types III and IV and virulence genes are associated with greater invasiveness of S. aureus. Patients colonized with methicillin-resistant S. aureus, as well as with strains harboring etb or pvl, may be prone to develop invasive disease. Infection-preventing strategies should be more intensively applied to this group.
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Isrn Microbiology, v. 2012, 2012.