Type C botulism outbreak in free-ranging waterfowl in Goiás

Nenhuma Miniatura disponível




Martins, Andressa S.
Silva, Tamires A.
Rosa, Isabella C.C.R.
Oliveira, Alexia G.F.
Oliveira, Márcio P.
Saraiva, Júlia R. [UNESP]
Dutra, Iveraldo S. [UNESP]
Borsanelli, Ana Carolina

Título da Revista

ISSN da Revista

Título de Volume



Botulism is generally a fatal disease caused by ingestion of neurotoxins produced by Clostridium botulinum. The present study describes the epidemiological, clinical, and laboratory aspects of a type C botulism outbreak in free-living aquatic birds residing in an urban park in Quirinópolis, Goiás, Brazil. Among a population of approximately 80 waterfowl, a total of 30 birds, including ducks (Cairina moschata), teals (Anas platyrhynchos), and geese (Anser cygnoides), died within 10 days. Of these, six birds showed signs of flaccid paralysis of the pelvic limbs, eyelids, neck, and wings. To confirm the suspicion of botulism, four lake water samples, two samples of the feed consumed by the birds, and samples of serum, intestinal content, stomach content, and liver tissue from two teals that died after presenting clinical signs were analyzed. Using bioassay and neutralization with homologous antitoxin in mice, it was possible to detect the presence of botulinum toxin type C in a water sample and in the intestinal content of one of the necropsied teals. Additionally, the presence of C. botulinum type C was identified in the lake water using polymerase chain reaction. Based on the clinical signs and laboratory results, a diagnosis of botulism caused by botulinum toxin type C was confirmed with probable transmission by lake water.



avian botulism, birds, botulinum toxins, Brazil, Clostridium botulinum, flaccid paralysis, waterfowl

Como citar

Pesquisa Veterinaria Brasileira, v. 42.