Aspectos clínicos de uma variação anatômica rara das artérias tibial posterior e fibular
Portilho, Pedro Oliveira
Leite, Tulio Fabiano De Oliveira [UNESP]
Pires, Lucas Alves Sarmento
Silva, Julio Guilherme
Chagas, Carlos Alberto Araujo
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The posterior tibial artery normally arises from tibial-fibular trunk at the popliteal fossa, together with the fibular artery. The classic course of the posterior tibial artery is to run between the triceps surae muscle and muscles of the posterior compartment of the leg before continuing its course posteriorly to the medial malleolus, while the fibular artery runs through the lateral margin of the leg. Studies of both arteries are relevant to the fields of angiology, vascular surgery and plastic surgery. To the best of our knowledge, we report the first case of an anastomosis between the posterior tibial artery and the fibular artery in their distal course. The two arteries joined in an unusual “X” format, before division of the posterior tibial artery into plantar branches. We also provide a literature review of unusual variations and assess the clinical and embryological aspects of both arteries in order to contribute to further investigations regarding these vessels.
Anatomical variation, Cadaver, Fibular artery, Popliteal artery, Posterior tibial artery
Jornal Vascular Brasileiro, v. 15, n. 3, p. 234-238, 2016.