Relation between speaking space of the /s/ sound and freeway space in dentate and edentate subjects.

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Souza, Raphael Freitas de
Compagnoni, Marco Antonio [UNESP]

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The purpose of this study is to assess the relation between the speaking space of the /s/ sound and the freeway space in two subject groups. One group had natural dentition (Group I, n = 61) and the other comprised complete denture wearers (Group II, n = 33). The analysis was done by means of a jaw-tracking device (K6-I Diagnostic System, Myotronics Research Inc., Seattle, WA, USA). Freeway space was determined by asking the subjects to occlude from the postural rest position. Speaking space of /s/ was measured during the pronunciation of the word seis and comprised the mean distance from the /s/ speaking position to maximal intercuspation. A weak correlation was found between the speaking space of /s/ and the freeway space in Group I (r = 0.41, p < 0.01), but in Group II, the correlation was stronger (r = 0.75, p < 0.01). The speaking space of /s/ and freeway space were different in Group I, but statistically similar in Group II (paired t-test, alpha = 0.05). It can be suggested that anatomic changes following prosthetic procedures caused a functional adaptation which resulted in more similar values for the speaking space of /s/ and the freeway space.



adult, denture, evaluation, female, human, male, middle aged, mouth disease, pathophysiology, phonetics, statistical analysis, tooth occlusion, tooth radiography, Adult, Data Interpretation, Statistical, Dental Occlusion, Denture, Complete, Female, Humans, Jaw Relation Record, Male, Middle Aged, Mouth, Edentulous, Phonetics, Vertical Dimension

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Pesquisa odontológica brasileira = Brazilian oral research., v. 18, n. 4, p. 333-337, 2004.