Prevenção de injúrias pelo frio em mangas ‘tommy atkins’ previamente armazenadas a 5 ºC, usando-se tratamento térmico e radiação ultravioleta (UV-C)

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Miguel, Ana Carolina Almeida
Durigan, José Fernando [UNESP]
Marques, Kelly Magalhães [UNESP]
Morgado, Cristiane Maria Ascari [UNESP]
Ferraudo, Antonio Sergio [UNESP]

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The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of heat treatment and ultraviolet radiation (UV-C) in the prevention of chilling injury in mangoes cv. Tommy Atkins previously stored or not under injury condition after their transference to ambient condition. Fruits were divided into groups: two were hydrothermally treated (46.1 ºC/90 min; 55 ºC/5 min) and two were exposed to UV-C radiation (1.14 kJ m-2; 2.28 kJ m-2). These groups were stored under chilling injury conditions (5 ºC for 14 days), as established in preliminary tests. Other untreated groups were stored at 12 ºC or 5 ºC. After the storage period, they were transferred to ambient conditions (21.9 ºC; 55% RH) and the quality was evaluated. All the data were submitted to multivariate analysis as the tool to verify the simultaneous effect of the treatments under the quality parameters. The multivariate analysis indicated that the hydrothermal treatments at 46.1 °C/90 min and 55 °C/5 min and the UV-C radiation at doses of 1.14 kJ m-2 and 2.28 kJ m-2 were effective in minimized the symptoms of chilling injury in mangoes ‘Tommy Atkins’ stored at 5 °C for 14 days. However, after their transference to environmental condition at 21.9 °C, only the UV-C kept this control, especially at a dose of 2.28 kJ m-2. This treatment did not prevent the development of the characteristic color or affected the normal ripening and allowed the conservation of fruit for a period of 14 days at 5 °C, plus seven days of storage at environmental condition, which corresponds to the shipping transportation plus the time for sale.



Cluster analysis, Factor analysis, Mangifera indica, Thermal treatment, Ultraviolet radiation

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Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura, v. 38, n. 1, p. 53-63, 2016.