Stress distribution on implant- supported zirconia crown of maxillary first molar: effect of oblique load on natural and antagonist tooth


This study evaluated the stress distribution on an implant-supported zirconia crown of a mandibular first molar subjected to oblique loading by occlusal contact with the natural maxillary first molar by using the 3D finite element method. Two virtual models were made to simulate the following situations: (1) occlusion between maxillary and mandibular natural first molars; (2) occlusion between zirconia implant-supported ceramic crown on a mandibular first molar and maxillary natural first molar. The models were designed virtually in a modeling program or CAD (Computer Aided Design) (Rhinoceros). An oblique load of 100 N was uniformly applied to the zirconia framework of the crown. The results were obtained by the Von Mises criterion of stress distribution. Replacement of the mandibular tooth by an implant caused a slight increase in stress on portions of the maxillary tooth roots. The crown of the maxillary model in occlusion with natural antagonist tooth showed 12% less stress when compared with the maxillary (model in occlusion with the) implant-supported crown. The mandibular crown of the implant show 35% more stress when compared with the mandibular antagonist crown on the natural tooth. The presence of the implant to replace the mandibular tooth increased the stresses on the maxillary tooth, especially in the region of the mesial and distal buccal roots.



bone integration, Finite element analysis, implant, implant-supported crown, zirconia

Como citar

Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering.