Population biology and size at the onset of sexual maturity of the amphidromous prawn Macrobrachium olfersii (Decapoda, Palaemonidae) in an urban river in southeastern Brazil
Pescinelli, Régis Augusto [UNESP]
Carosia, Mariana Fronja
Pantaleão, João Alberto Farinelli [UNESP]
Simões, Sabrina Morilhas [UNESP]
Costa, Rogerio Caetano [UNESP]
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Information on population biology is essential for a better understanding of the ecological stability of a species and the ecosystem in which it lives, especially in areas affected by anthropogenic activities. This study investigated the population biology of Macrobrachium olfersii in an ecosystem under human impact, focusing on sex ratio, reproductive period, and juvenile recruitment. The onset of sexual maturity was also estimated. Samplings were performed monthly in the daytime from June 2006 to May 2007 on the Taquaral River in the city of Ubatuba, São Paulo State, Brazil. The sex ratio was skewed towards females, and both the reproductive period and the juvenile recruitment were continuous. The estimated size at which the species reached sexual maturity corroborated studies on populations from other locations. Results from the current study strongly indicate that the ecosystem studied may have suffered environmental stress, which probably interfered with the migration and establishment of the species: during the study, the species was found in significant abundance, but six years later, it was not captured in samplings.
Caridea, Freshwater prawn, reproduction, sex ratio, tropical river
Invertebrate Reproduction and Development, v. 60, n. 4, p. 254-262, 2016.