Buccal fat pad removal to improve facial aesthetics: an established technique?
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Moura, Lucas-Borin [UNESP]
Spin, Jose-Rodolfo [UNESP]
Pereira-Filho, Valfrido-Antonio [UNESP]
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Medicina Oral S L
Background: Buccal fat pad (BFP) is a singular structure between the facial muscles. Its removal may enhance the zygomatic prominences resulting in an inverted triangle of beauty. Objective: The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review of literature about BFP removal for facial aesthetic improvement. In order to answer the following research question: What are the indications, complication types and rates, surgical techniques and outcomes of the technique? Material and Methods: The initial search in Pubmed, Scopus, and Cochrane databases recognized 220 articles. The final review included eight of them. None of the included studies were clinical trials. Results: BPF removal was performed by intraoral incision or associated with the face lift procedure. In 71 patients submitted to the procedure and evaluated about complications, only 8.45% presented minor complications. Parotid duct and facial nerve injuries were not found. No study evaluated facial aging and long-term effects, therefore the harmless effect of the procedure to those features is not clear. Conclusions: Although it is not a novel procedure, there is a lack of information about long-term outcomes. Thus, controlled clinical studies should be performed to achieve adequate clinical evidence of those aspects.
Buccal fat pad, facial sculpting, cheek surgery, buccal lipectomy
Medicina Oral Patologia Oral Y Cirugia Bucal. Valencia: Medicina Oral S L, v. 23, n. 4, p. E478-E484, 2018.