Non-labile phosphorus acquisition by Brachiaria

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2016-01-01

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Coorientador

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Taylor & Francis Inc

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Artigo

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Resumo

Brachiaria are tolerant to low phosphorus (P) soils and may enhance P soil availability. The identification of mechanisms driving this effect is important. Our objective was to determine responses of palisade grass and ruzigrass to mineral oxide-bound P. Palisade grass (Brachiaria brizantha) and ruzigrass (Brachiaria ruziziensis) were grown in nutrient solution (NS), where P was supplied as goethite and amorphous aluminum-oxide (Al-oxide). Only half of each pot received P. Dry matter yields of Brachiaria species having oxide-P as the sole P source were similar to those grown with water-soluble P. Inorganic P was found in the NS after 7 days, and organic P at 14 days after plant emergence. The presence of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) indicates an intense and quick response of the root system to the treatments. Results indicate enzyme and/or organic acids (OAs) root exudation as a strategy of these plants to access soil sparingly soluble P forms.

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Journal Of Plant Nutrition. Philadelphia: Taylor & Francis Inc, v. 39, n. 9, p. 1319-1327, 2016.

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