Ventromedial hypothalamus lesions increase the dipsogenic responses and reduce the pressor responses to median preoptic area activation

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Data

1997-08-01

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Elsevier B.V.

Resumo

In this study, we investigated the participation of adrenergic receptors of the median preoptic area (MnPO) and the participation of ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH) in angiotensin II- (ANG II)-induced water intake and presser responses. Male rats with sham or electrolytic VMH lesions and a stainless steel cannula implanted into the MnPO were used. Noradrenaline, clonidine (an alpha(2)-adrenergic receptor agonist), or phenylephrine (an alpha(1)-adrenergic receptor agonist) injected into the MnPO of sham-lesioned rats reduced water ingestion induced by ANG II injected into the same area. In VMH-lesioned rats ANG II-induced water intake increased with a previous injection of noradrenaline, phenylephrine, or isoproterenol. The presser response induced by ANG II injected into the MnPO was reduced in VMH-lesioned rats, whereas the presser response induced by clonidine was abolished. Previous treatment with noradrenaline and phenylephrine into the MnPO of sham-lesioned rats produced a presser response, and a hypotensive response was obtained with the previous administration of noradrenaline, phenylephrine or isoproterenol into the MnPO of VMH-lesioned rats. These results show that VMH is essential for the dipsogenic and presser responses induced by adrenergic and angiotensinergic activation of the MnPO in rats. (C) 1997 Elsevier B.V.

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water intake, arterial pressure, ANG II, adrenergic agonists, MnPO, VMH

Como citar

Physiology & Behavior. Oxford: Pergamon-Elsevier B.V., v. 62, n. 2, p. 311-316, 1997.