Probiotic effects (Bacillus cereus and Bacillus subtilis) on growth and physiological parameters of silver catfish (Rhamdia quelen)
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Lins Rodigues, Mariana
Damasceno, Danielle Zanerato
Gomes, Ricárcio Luan Marques [UNESP]
Sosa, Bruno dos Santos [UNESP]
Moro, Evandro Bilha [UNESP]
Boscolo, Wilson Rogério
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This study aimed at evaluating the effects of a probiotic additive in productive performance and physiological parameters for Rhamdia quelen. The fish were fed diets containing increasing levels of the additive (0.15; 0.30; 0.45; and 0.60 g/kg of feed), which consisted of a blend of Bacillus cereus and B. subtilis, both at the concentration of 4 × 1011 CFU). Productive performance parameters were higher in fish fed diets containing 0.60 g/kg of the probiotics. Both the proximate composition and carcass yield were affected when 0.30 and 0.60 g/kg of the additive was included, whilst serum biochemical parameters were higher in fish fed diets containing 0.60 g/kg of the additive. An increase in the hepatic oxidative stress activity was found when 0.30 g/kg was supplied. The development of intestinal villi was influenced by the inclusion of the additives, as well as the activity of mucous-secreting cells in the tissue. Hepatocyte's growth was differential in fish fed diets containing 0.30 g/kg and other tissue alterations were found using 0.60 g/kg of the additive. The inclusion of 0.60 g/kg of the probiotic in diets for R. quelen enhances its growth performance and physiological status.
biotechnology, fish farming, immunomodulatory, native species, non-pathogenic bacteria
Aquaculture Nutrition, v. 27, n. 2, p. 454-467, 2021.