ZZ/Z0: The New System of Sex Chromosomes in Eigenmannia aff. trilineata (Teleostei: Gymnotiformes: Sternopygidae) Characterized by Molecular Cytogenetics and DNA Barcoding

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Mary Ann Liebert, Inc



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The cytogenetic characteristics of Eigenmannia aff. trilineata were analyzed by basic and molecular cytogenetics, applying fluorescent in situ hybridization, with 18S and 5S rDNA and U2 snRNA probes. The species revealed a kind of polymorphism associated to ZZ/Z0 type sex chromosomes, with 2n=32 (8m+2sm+22a, NF=42) in all males under analysis, whereas females evidenced 2n=31 (8m+1sm+22a, NF=40). C-banding showed constitutive heterochromatin restricted to the pericentromeric region of all chromosomes and single-nucleolus organized regions on pair 11. A site for rDNA 5S was synthetic with a cluster of rDNA 18S near the centromere on the long arm of only one homologue of pair 11. Other clusters for 5S rDNA were sited on pairs 7, 10, 12, 13, and 16. Further, 5S rDNA was co-located with U2 cluster in the pericentromeric region of pair 12. Joint analysis of DNA barcoding from cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) sequences, generated from the karyotyped samples of E. aff. trilineata, and sequences of other Gymnotiforms recognized E. aff. trilineata as an Operational Taxonomic Unit. Results foreground the hypothesis that cytotypes are independent evolution units as cryptic species with a low morphological differentiation level, although with high genetic/karyotype differentiation rates.




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Zebrafish. New Rochelle: Mary Ann Liebert, Inc, v. 14, n. 5, p. 464-470, 2017.

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