Qualitative analysis of preputial and vaginal bacterial microbiota in owl monkeys (Aotus azarai infulatus) raised in captivity


Background: The aim of this study was to identify the aerobic bacteria of the preputial and vaginal microbiota in owl monkeys that have been raised in captivity and to evaluate the antimicrobial susceptibility of these bacteria by gender and social organization. Methods: Thirty clinically healthy Aotus azarai infulatus were used. A total of 134 samples were collected, 60 from the preputial mucosa and 74 from the vaginal mucosa. An automated system of bacterial identification was used. Results and Conclusions: Staphylococcus intermedius and Proteus mirabilis were the microorganisms that were most frequently identified according to gender and social organization. The antimicrobial susceptibility of the isolated gram-positive bacteria was similar in both sexes. However, the gram-negative strains had some differences. The aerobic bacterial population of the vaginal and preputial microbiota is similar in owl monkeys, and there are no differences in the number and bacterial species according to sex and social organization. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by Blackwell Publishing Ltd.



Antimicrobial susceptibility, Primates, Social organization, amikacin, cefepime, ciprofloxacin, clindamycin, gentamicin, levofloxacin, meropenem, norfloxacin, oxacillin, penicillin G, aerobic bacterium, animal experiment, antibiotic sensitivity, Aotus, Aotus azarai infulatus, bacterium identification, comparative study, female, gender, in vitro study, male, minimum inhibitory concentration, Mirabilis, nonhuman, priority journal, Proteus mirabilis, qualitative analysis, social structure, Staphylococcus intermedius, vagina flora, vagina mucosa, Animals, Aotidae, Female, Gram-Positive Bacteria, Male, Metagenome, Microbial Sensitivity Tests, Models, Animal, Mucous Membrane, Penis, Sexual Behavior, Animal, Vagina, Aotus azarai, Aotus trivirgatus, Bacteria (microorganisms), Negibacteria, Posibacteria

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Journal of Medical Primatology, v. 42, n. 2, p. 71-78, 2013.