Childhood trauma in substance use disorder and depression: An analysis by gender among a Brazilian clinical sample

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Objective: In this study, we compared the frequency and intensity of childhood traumas in alcohol- or other drug-dependent patients, in patients with depression, and in a control group without psychiatric diagnoses. Methods: The study had a retrospective design of a clinical sample of men and women from the groups listed above. They were evaluated by the same standardized instrument: the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire.. Results: A higher frequency and intensity of emotional, physical, and sexual abuse were found in alcohol- and other drug-dependent patients than in patients with depression, who, in turn, presented significantly higher proportions than the control group. In all of the cases, the frequency was higher among women than men. Conclusion: Because of the high frequency and intensity of childhood traumas among alcohol- or other drug-dependent patients and depressed patients, the assessment of problems due to childhood traumas among these patients is essential to a better understanding of the etiology of those disorders and to their treatment. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.



Childhood trauma, Depression, Emotional abuse, Gender, Physical abuse, Psychological abuse, Substance use disorder, adult, alcoholism, Brazil, child abuse, child neglect, Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, controlled study, cultural factor, depression, drug dependence, female, gender bias, human, major clinical study, male, personal experience, questionnaire, sexual abuse, substance abuse, victim, Adult, Child Development, Child Psychology, Child, Preschool, Female, Humans, Interviews as Topic, Life Change Events, Male, Middle Aged, Questionnaires, Retrospective Studies, Substance-Related Disorders, Wounds and Injuries, Young Adult

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Child Abuse and Neglect, v. 34, n. 2, p. 95-104, 2010.